Conference paper Open Access

Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards

Dongiovanni C.; Di Carolo M.; Fumarola G.; Tauro D.; Ciniero A.; Altamura G.; Palmisano F.; Cavalieri V.


Citation Style Language JSON Export

{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1421712", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Field experiments for the containment of the spread of Xylella fastidiosa in olive orchards", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2018, 
        9, 
        7
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>The control of plant diseases caused by insect-vectored pathogens relies primarily on<br>\neffective strategies for the reduction of the vector populations. The emergence of the insectvectored<br>\nbacterium Xylella fastidiosa in southern Italy, and more recently in different EU<br>\nCountries, called for research on the characterization of the xylem-feeder populations and<br>\nidentification of candidate European vectors. Surveys identified the spittlebug Philaenus<br>\nspumarius as one of the most abundant species, in different countries and crops, as well as<br>\nthe predominant vector spreading the infections on olive trees in southern Italy. This finding<br>\ncalled for the development of control strategies to reduce the population of this highly<br>\npolyphagous and widespread insect species. Besides, supporting actions for the mechanical<br>\ncontrol of the ground vegetation to effectively reduce the juvenile populations, there was a<br>\nneed to develop tools for the control of the adults. From 2015 to 2017, several formulations<br>\nbased on different active substances (chemical and organic) with different mechanism of<br>\naction were tested for the control of nymphs and adults of P. spumarius. Indeed, in the last<br>\ntwo years, experiments were carried out, for evaluating the reduction of the bacterial<br>\ntransmission rates upon applications of kaolin on olive canopies. Applications of insecticides<br>\nshowed that among the synthetic products, neonicotinoids and pyrethroids yielded the<br>\nhighest mortality rates and persistence, both for the control of the juveniles and adults,<br>\nwhereas lower efficacy was recorded for the natural and inert compounds. Reduction of the<br>\ntransmission rates have been so far detected upon applications with kaolin.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Dongiovanni C."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Di Carolo M."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Fumarola G."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Tauro D."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Ciniero A."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Altamura G."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Palmisano F."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Cavalieri V."
    }
  ], 
  "id": "1421712", 
  "event-place": "Ancona (Italy)", 
  "type": "paper-conference", 
  "event": "XXIV SIPaV Congress"
}
77
90
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 7777
Downloads 9090
Data volume 36.3 MB36.3 MB
Unique views 6565
Unique downloads 7676

Share

Cite as