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Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents

Amal ALRAYES; Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ; Hind ALTAMIMI; Reem ALANGARI; Nada BENAJIBA


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  <dc:creator>Amal ALRAYES</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Hind ALTAMIMI</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Reem ALANGARI</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Nada BENAJIBA</dc:creator>
  <dc:date>2018-09-06</dc:date>
  <dc:description>BACKGROUND: Breakfast consumption is labelled as the most important meal of the day. It might be of significant importance for adolescent students as it might influence their short-term memory, performance, and mood. However, the prevalence of skipping breakfast, among adolescents, in Saudi Arabia is high. AIMS: To investigate the association between breakfast intake and short-term memory, performance, and mood, among Saudi female adolescents. METHODS and MATERIAL: A Cross-sectional study was conducted in a secondary female School (Riyadh) involving 170 students (15-19 years). Structured questionnaires on breakfast eating habits, student performance at school, a standardized questionnaire mood and feeling, and a standardized short-term memory test were used for data collection. Statistical analysis used Chi2 test and ANOVA test to assess the association between breakfast intake and the studied parameters. RESULTS: Only 39% of participants keep their daily breakfast. Frequency of breakfast intake was strongly and positively associated with improved performance (R2=0.87, p&lt;0.001), and to short-term memory score (R2=0.5, p&lt;0.05).  However, no correlation between daily breakfast intake and mood was obtained. CONSLUSIONS: This study confirmed the high rate of skipping breakfast among Saudi female adolescents, and provides further evidence on the beneficial effect of breakfast intake on student’s short-term memory as well as the school performance. Nutrition education program targeting this population should be implemented to enhance its awareness on the importance of breakfast intake.</dc:description>
  <dc:identifier>https://zenodo.org/record/1409193</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>10.5281/zenodo.1409193</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>oai:zenodo.org:1409193</dc:identifier>
  <dc:language>eng</dc:language>
  <dc:relation>doi:10.5281/zenodo.1409192</dc:relation>
  <dc:rights>info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess</dc:rights>
  <dc:rights>http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode</dc:rights>
  <dc:source>The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research 02(04) 75-80</dc:source>
  <dc:subject>Breakfast intake</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>Mood</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>Short-term memory</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>Performance</dc:subject>
  <dc:subject>Saudi female adolescents</dc:subject>
  <dc:title>Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents</dc:title>
  <dc:type>info:eu-repo/semantics/article</dc:type>
  <dc:type>publication-article</dc:type>
</oai_dc:dc>
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