Journal article Open Access

Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents

Amal ALRAYES; Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ; Hind ALTAMIMI; Reem ALANGARI; Nada BENAJIBA


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong><strong>:</strong> Breakfast consumption is labelled as the most important meal of the day. It might be of significant importance for adolescent students as it might influence their short-term memory, performance, and mood. However, the prevalence of skipping breakfast, among adolescents, in Saudi Arabia is high. <strong>AIMS</strong>: To investigate the association between breakfast intake and short-term memory, performance, and mood, among Saudi female adolescents. <strong>METHODS and MATERIAL</strong><strong>:</strong> A Cross-sectional study was conducted in a secondary female School (Riyadh) involving 170 students (15-19 years). Structured questionnaires on breakfast eating habits, student performance at school, a standardized questionnaire mood and feeling, and a standardized short-term memory test were used for data collection. Statistical analysis used Chi<sup>2</sup> test and ANOVA test to assess the association between breakfast intake and the studied parameters.<strong> RESULTS</strong><strong>:</strong> Only 39% of participants keep their daily breakfast. Frequency of breakfast intake was strongly and positively associated with improved performance (R<sup>2</sup>=0.87, p&lt;0.001), and to short-term memory score (R<sup>2</sup>=0.5, p&lt;0.05).&nbsp; However, no correlation between daily breakfast intake and mood was obtained. <strong>CONSLUSIONS</strong><strong>:</strong> This study confirmed the high rate of skipping breakfast among Saudi female adolescents, and provides further evidence on the beneficial effect of breakfast intake on student&rsquo;s short-term memory as well as the school performance. Nutrition education program targeting this population should be implemented to enhance its awareness on the importance of breakfast intake.</p>", 
  "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Amal ALRAYES"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Hind ALTAMIMI"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Reem ALANGARI"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Nada BENAJIBA"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2018-09-06", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1409193", 
  "keywords": [
    "Breakfast intake", 
    "Mood", 
    "Short-term memory", 
    "Performance", 
    "Saudi female adolescents"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1409193", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1409193", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents"
}
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