Journal article Open Access

Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents

Amal ALRAYES; Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ; Hind ALTAMIMI; Reem ALANGARI; Nada BENAJIBA


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1409193", 
  "container_title": "The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Association between Breakfast Intake and Short-Term Memory, Performance and Mood among Saudi Female Adolescents", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2018, 
        9, 
        6
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p><strong>BACKGROUND</strong><strong>:</strong> Breakfast consumption is labelled as the most important meal of the day. It might be of significant importance for adolescent students as it might influence their short-term memory, performance, and mood. However, the prevalence of skipping breakfast, among adolescents, in Saudi Arabia is high. <strong>AIMS</strong>: To investigate the association between breakfast intake and short-term memory, performance, and mood, among Saudi female adolescents. <strong>METHODS and MATERIAL</strong><strong>:</strong> A Cross-sectional study was conducted in a secondary female School (Riyadh) involving 170 students (15-19 years). Structured questionnaires on breakfast eating habits, student performance at school, a standardized questionnaire mood and feeling, and a standardized short-term memory test were used for data collection. Statistical analysis used Chi<sup>2</sup> test and ANOVA test to assess the association between breakfast intake and the studied parameters.<strong> RESULTS</strong><strong>:</strong> Only 39% of participants keep their daily breakfast. Frequency of breakfast intake was strongly and positively associated with improved performance (R<sup>2</sup>=0.87, p&lt;0.001), and to short-term memory score (R<sup>2</sup>=0.5, p&lt;0.05).&nbsp; However, no correlation between daily breakfast intake and mood was obtained. <strong>CONSLUSIONS</strong><strong>:</strong> This study confirmed the high rate of skipping breakfast among Saudi female adolescents, and provides further evidence on the beneficial effect of breakfast intake on student&rsquo;s short-term memory as well as the school performance. Nutrition education program targeting this population should be implemented to enhance its awareness on the importance of breakfast intake.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Amal ALRAYES"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Hajar ALOWAYSHIQ"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Hind ALTAMIMI"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Reem ALANGARI"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Nada BENAJIBA"
    }
  ], 
  "page": "75-80", 
  "volume": "02", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "issue": "04", 
  "id": "1409193"
}
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