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Reduplication across boundaries: The case of Mandarin

Chiara Melloni; Bianca Basciano


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;In this chapter, we shed new light on the reduplicative processes of Mandarin Chinese and&lt;br&gt;
assess the structural and interpretive properties of the input/base and output of these word&lt;br&gt;
formation phenomena. In particular, we focus on the categorial status of the base and ad-&lt;br&gt;
dress the issue of whether reduplication applies to category-free roots or full-fledged lex-&lt;br&gt;
emes. Empirically, the privileged domain of research is increasing reduplication of disyllabic&lt;br&gt;
bases, or, as we dub it in the chapter, the AABB pattern, which is compared with diminishing&lt;br&gt;
reduplication, expressed by the template ABAB. The comparison between the two phenom-&lt;br&gt;
ena allows us to show that increasing and diminishing reduplication differ in the nature of&lt;br&gt;
the input units involved. On the grounds of a wide-ranging class of data, we argue that Man-&lt;br&gt;
darin reduplication takes base units of different &amp;lsquo;size&amp;rsquo;: word/lexeme-like units provided with&lt;br&gt;
category, namely verbs in the case of diminishing reduplication, and categoryless roots in&lt;br&gt;
the case of increasing reduplication. Throughout the chapter, we explore some category neu-&lt;br&gt;
tral properties of increasing reduplication and propose a unitary semantic operation capable&lt;br&gt;
to derive the various interpretive nuances of this phenomenon across lexical categories.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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