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Citation File Format (CFF) - Specifications

Druskat, Stephan; Chue Hong, Neil; Haines, Robert; Baker, James

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<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.1405679</identifier>
      <creatorName>Druskat, Stephan</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0003-4925-7248</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Department of German Studies and Linguistics, Berlin, Germany</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Chue Hong, Neil</creatorName>
      <familyName>Chue Hong</familyName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-8876-7606</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>Software Sustainability Institute, University of Edinburgh, UK</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Haines, Robert</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-9538-7919</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>ITS Research IT, University of Manchester</affiliation>
      <creatorName>Baker, James</creatorName>
      <nameIdentifier nameIdentifierScheme="ORCID" schemeURI="">0000-0002-2682-6922</nameIdentifier>
      <affiliation>University of Sussex, Sussex Humanities Lab</affiliation>
    <title>Citation File Format (CFF) - Specifications</title>
    <subject>citation file format, CFF, citation files, software citation, format, YAML, software sustainability, research software</subject>
    <date dateType="Issued">2018-08-29</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Text">Other</resourceType>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="URL" relationType="IsSupplementTo"></relatedIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.1003149</relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;The &lt;strong&gt;Citation File Format&lt;/strong&gt; (&lt;strong&gt;CFF&lt;/strong&gt;) is a human- and machine-readable - and human-writable - format for &lt;em&gt;CITATION&lt;/em&gt; files. These files provide citation metadata for (research and scientific) software. The format aims to support use cases for software citation described in [1]. CFF is serialized in YAML 1.2, and is therefore Unicode-based and cross-language (in terms of both natural language scripts and programming languages). This specification, together with the Unicode standard for characters, aims to provide all the information necessary to understand CFF, and to use (i.e., write) and re-use (i.e., read, validate, convert from) it. These specifications are maintained openly at;/p&gt;


&lt;p&gt;[1] A. M. Smith, D. S. Katz, K. E. Niemeyer, and FORCE11 Software Citation Working Group, &amp;ldquo;Software citation principles,&amp;rdquo;&lt;em&gt; PeerJ Computer Science&lt;/em&gt;, vol. 2, p. e86, Sep. 2016 [Online]. Available:;/p&gt;</description>
    <description descriptionType="Other">{"references": ["A. M. Smith, D. S. Katz, K. E. Niemeyer, and FORCE11 Software Citation Working Group, \"Software citation principles,\" PeerJ Computer Science, vol. 2, p. e86, Sep. 2016 [Online]. Available:", "S. Druskat, \"Track 2 Lightning Talk: Should CITATION files be standardized?\" in Proceedings of the Workshop on Sustainable Software for Science: Practice and Experiences (WSSSPE5.1), 2017 [Online]. Available:", "R. Wilson, \"Encouraging citation of software - introducing CITATION files.\" 2013 [Online]. Available:", "O. Ben-Kiki, C. Evans, and I. d\u00f6t Net, \"YAML Ain't Markup Language (YAML) Version 1.2. 3rd Edition, Patched at 2009-10-01.\" 2009 [Online]. Available:", "J.-M. Hufflen, \"Names in bibtex and mlBibTeX,\" TUGboat, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 243\u2013253, Nov. 2006 [Online]. Available:"]}</description>
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