Conference paper Open Access

Ghosts for Lists: A Critical Module of Contiki Verified in Frama-C

Blanchard, Allan; Kosmatov Nikolai; Loulergue, Frederic

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1402494", 
  "title": "Ghosts for Lists: A Critical Module of Contiki Verified in Frama-C", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>Internet of Things (IoT) applications are becoming increasingly critical and require rigorous formal verification. In this paper we target Contiki, a widely used open-source OS for IoT, and present a verification case study of one of its most critical modules: that of linked lists. Its API and list representation differ from the classical linked list implementations, and are particularly challenging for deductive verification. The proposed verification technique relies on a parallel view of a list through a companion ghost array. This approach makes it possible to perform most proofs automatically using the Frama-C/WP tool, only a small number of auxiliary lemmas being proved interactively in the Coq proof assistant. We present an elegant segment-based reasoning over the companion array developed for the proof. Finally, we validate the proposed specification by proving a few functions manipulating lists.</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Blanchard, Allan"
      "family": "Kosmatov Nikolai"
      "family": "Loulergue, Frederic"
  "id": "1402494", 
  "event-place": "United States", 
  "type": "paper-conference", 
  "event": "Tenth NASA Formal Methods Symposium (NFM 2018),"
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