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Autorité fictionnelle et description dans le roman autodiégétique du second dix-huitième siècle

Schöch, Christof


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    <subfield code="d">September 2006</subfield>
    <subfield code="g">FRT 2006</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Kongress des Frankoromanistenverbands, Sektion "Autorité narrative et poétique du récit", dir. Florence de Chalonge &amp; Daniel Bengsch,</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Schöch, Christof</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Autorité fictionnelle et description dans le roman autodiégétique du second dix-huitième siècle</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Abstract&lt;br /&gt;
In the novel, fictional authority relies above all on the maintenance of a &amp;laquo; pragmatic verisimilitude &amp;raquo; (C&amp;eacute;cile Cavillac) assuring the reader that the narrator is knowledgeable, competent and reliable. In the second half of the French eighteenth century, the constraints imposed by this verisimilitude persists but also undergoes certain changes. This is evident in the decriptive practice that can be found in the novels, descriptions being sometimes a threat, but sometimes also a supporting element, to fictional authority. Based on the descriptive practice that can be observed in novels by Castilhon, Nerciat, Tiphaigne de la Roche and Diderot, this contribution aims to study this ambivalence and to show the relation between description and narration in the eighteenth century novel.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;R&amp;eacute;sum&amp;eacute; en fran&amp;ccedil;ais&lt;br /&gt;
Dans l&amp;rsquo;univers du roman, l&amp;rsquo;autorit&amp;eacute; fictionnelle repose notamment sur l&amp;rsquo;&amp;eacute;tablissement d&amp;rsquo;une &amp;laquo; vraisemblance pragmatique &amp;raquo; (C&amp;eacute;cile Cavillac) qui assure le lecteur des connaissances, de la comp&amp;eacute;tence et de la fiabilit&amp;eacute; du narrateur. Dans la seconde moiti&amp;eacute; du XVIIIe si&amp;egrave;cle fran&amp;ccedil;ais, les contraintes qu&amp;rsquo;impose cette vraisemblance persistent tout en subissant des transformations. Ainsi le r&amp;eacute;v&amp;egrave;le la pratique descriptive en se pr&amp;eacute;sentant tant&amp;ocirc;t comme un &amp;eacute;cueil de l&amp;rsquo;autorit&amp;eacute; narrative, tant&amp;ocirc;t comme un &amp;eacute;l&amp;eacute;ment de soutien &amp;agrave; cette autorit&amp;eacute;. S&amp;rsquo;appuyant sur la pratique descriptive dans certains romans de Castilhon, Nerciat, Tiphaigne de la Roche et Diderot, la pr&amp;eacute;sente contribution entend &amp;eacute;tudier cette ambivalence de la pratique descriptive et d&amp;rsquo;en d&amp;eacute;gager les enjeux pour la pratique narrative de l&amp;rsquo;&amp;eacute;poque.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;

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