Dataset Open Access

Dataset: The plural interpretability of German linking elements ("Morphology")

Schäfer, Roland; Pankratz, Elizabeth


MARC21 XML Export

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    <subfield code="a">compounds</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">linking elements</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">German language</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">probabilistic morphology</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Roland Schäfer's work on this project was funded by the German Research Council (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG), personal grant SCHA1916/1-1.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Pankratz, Elizabeth</subfield>
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    <subfield code="p">Morphoplogy</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Freie Universität Berlin</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0003-3233-7874</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Schäfer, Roland</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Dataset: The plural interpretability of German linking elements ("Morphology")</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;This dataset accompanies a paper to be published in &amp;quot;Morphology&amp;quot; (JOMO, Springer).&amp;nbsp;Under the present DOI, all data generated for this research as well as all&amp;nbsp;scripts used are stored. The paper itself is not CC-licensed, refer to Springer&amp;#39;s &amp;quot;Morphology&amp;quot; website for details!&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Abstract&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;In this paper, we take a closer theoretical and empirical look at the linking elements in German N1+N2 compounds which are identical to the plural marker of N1 (such as &lt;em&gt;-er&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;with umlaut, as in &lt;em&gt;H&amp;auml;us-er-meer&lt;/em&gt;&amp;nbsp;&amp;#39;sea of houses&amp;#39;).&amp;nbsp;Various perspectives on the actual extent of plural interpretability of these pluralic linking elements are expressed in the literature.&amp;nbsp;We aim to clarify this question by empirically examining to what extent there may be a relationship between plural form and meaning which informs in which sorts of compounds pluralic linking elements appear.&amp;nbsp;Specifically, we investigate whether pluralic linking elements occur especially frequently in compounds where a plural meaning of the first constituent is induced either externally (through plural inflection of the entire compound) or internally (through a relation between the constituents such that N2 forces N1 to be conceptually plural, as in the example above).&amp;nbsp;The results of a corpus study using the DECOW16A corpus and a split-100 experiment show that in the internal but not external plural meaning conditions, a pluralic linking element is preferred over a non-pluralic one, though there is considerable inter-speaker variability, and limitations imposed by other constraints on linking element distribution also play a role.&amp;nbsp;However, we show the overall tendency that German language users do use pluralic linking elements as cues to the plural interpretation of N1+N2 compounds.&amp;nbsp;Our interpretation does not reference a specific morphological framework.&amp;nbsp;Instead, we view our data as strengthening the general approach of probabilistic morphology.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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