Journal article Open Access

Small Holder's Perception towards Gender Inequitable Practices at Household Level in Arumeru District, Tanzania

Ngoteya, G.B.; Sikira, A.N.

Gender inequality in household decisions entails important economic and socio-psychological consequences to women. In this paper, the perception of men and women towards gender inequitable practices in households was examined among the smallholder communities of Arumeru District. Three hundred participants (50% women and 50% men) were randomly chosen among the members of smallholder groups (including farmer producers’ groups, rotating savings groups, dairy farming groups, faith-based and women’s groups in Arumeru) and non-group members.  Focus group discussion, in-depth, key-informant interviews and the household survey questionnaire was administered. Various statistical procedures including the Mann-Whitney U test was used to check the statistical significance of the factors influencing perception on gender equitable practices. Descriptive statistics like frequencies, percentages and means were also used.  Overall, the majority of smallholder farmers in Arumeru District were found to have positive attitudes towards gender equitable norms/practices. Generally, the study has found negative relationship between perceptions on gender equitable practices/norms and various factors such as education level (), leadership experience (), group membership (), and age cohorts ().Areas for improvement were also identified in which it is generally recommended that, gender inclusive approaches should be applied and that men should also be part and parcel of processes implied in designing and implementing programs aiming at addressing gender inequalities.

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