Journal article Open Access

Smallholder Farmers' Levels of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change and Variability in Manyoni District, Tanzania

Shirima, A.O.; Mahonge, C.; Chingonikaya, E.

Smallholder farming households in developing countries are most vulnerable to climate change and variability as their livelihoods are climate-sensitive and they lack resources to invest on adaptation measures. To formulate appropriate measures to address this susceptibility, it is essential to understand smallholder farmers’ adaptive capacity. This study assessed the adaptive capacity to climate change of farming households in Manyoni District. The specific objectives were: to determine the levels of adaptive capacity of farming households to climate change and assess the impacts of households’ socio-demographic characteristics on adaptive capacity levels. A random sampling technique was adopted to obtain 240 households and data were collected using questionnaire and FGDs. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were done using SPSS and excel. Ordinal logistic regression was adopted to determine influences of households’ socio-demographic characteristics on adaptive capacity. Majority had low adaptive capacity with financial resources ranking the highest in the resources that were required for adaptive capacity. Household size was the strongest predictor of adaptive capacity levels whereas age of the household head had a negative influence on adaptive capacity. Also majority belonged to low adaptive capacity levels. The study recommends strengthening of household farming labour for a more adaptive capacity through sensitization and strengthening farming subsidies. It also recommends creation of a more conducive financial access such as affordable credit conditions that will facilitate access to finances so as to sustain the adaptive capacities of the smallholder households under climate change variability.

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