Journal article Open Access

Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh – Saudi Arabia)

Amera ALQAHTANI; Munirah ALORAINI; Areej ALSUBAIE; Arwa ALATEQ; Beshair ALSAGABI; Nada BENAJIBA


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    <subfield code="a">Weight practice management</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University</subfield>
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    <subfield code="u">Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh – Saudi Arabia)</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;BACKGROUND:&lt;/strong&gt; According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues.&lt;strong&gt; &lt;/strong&gt;&lt;strong&gt;AIM:&lt;/strong&gt; &amp;nbsp;To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of physical activity and WMP.&lt;strong&gt; &lt;/strong&gt;&lt;strong&gt;METHODS:&lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp; Through a cross-sectional study among female students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) (Riyadh &amp;ndash; KSA.), 200 participants were conveniently selected, assigned in two groups in obese and normal weight (each group have 100 students) based on their BMI according to the WHO cut-off values. Data collected through questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS program, Chi-square and &lt;em&gt;t&lt;/em&gt;-test were used to assess the difference between the two groups. &lt;strong&gt;RESULTS: &lt;/strong&gt;&amp;nbsp;Unhealthy WMP were high among obese students. Total calorie intake was not different; however, fat intake was higher in obese group (p&amp;lt;0.01). Level of moderate active was higher in normal group than obese group (33% versus 19%, respectively). Food frequency consumption showed that fruit, date and dressing were higher in obese group compared to normal weight group (p-value = 0.02, 0.01 and 0.03). &lt;strong&gt;CONCLUSIONS:&lt;/strong&gt; Obese PNU female students adopt unhealthy WMP besides their inadequate nutritional intake and unhealthy dietary habits. Increasing awareness about the healthy lifestyle to manage weight is urgently needed.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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