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Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh – Saudi Arabia)

Amera ALQAHTANI; Munirah ALORAINI; Areej ALSUBAIE; Arwa ALATEQ; Beshair ALSAGABI; Nada BENAJIBA


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong> According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues.<strong> </strong><strong>AIM:</strong> &nbsp;To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of physical activity and WMP.<strong> </strong><strong>METHODS:</strong>&nbsp; Through a cross-sectional study among female students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) (Riyadh &ndash; KSA.), 200 participants were conveniently selected, assigned in two groups in obese and normal weight (each group have 100 students) based on their BMI according to the WHO cut-off values. Data collected through questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS program, Chi-square and <em>t</em>-test were used to assess the difference between the two groups. <strong>RESULTS: </strong>&nbsp;Unhealthy WMP were high among obese students. Total calorie intake was not different; however, fat intake was higher in obese group (p&lt;0.01). Level of moderate active was higher in normal group than obese group (33% versus 19%, respectively). Food frequency consumption showed that fruit, date and dressing were higher in obese group compared to normal weight group (p-value = 0.02, 0.01 and 0.03). <strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> Obese PNU female students adopt unhealthy WMP besides their inadequate nutritional intake and unhealthy dietary habits. Increasing awareness about the healthy lifestyle to manage weight is urgently needed.</p>", 
  "license": "http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Amera ALQAHTANI"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Munirah ALORAINI"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Areej ALSUBAIE"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Arwa ALATEQ"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Beshair ALSAGABI"
    }, 
    {
      "affiliation": "Department of Health Sciences, College of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences,  Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Nada BENAJIBA"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh \u2013 Saudi Arabia)", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2017-07-03", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1312170", 
  "keywords": [
    "Weight practice management", 
    "Obesity", 
    "Female University students", 
    "Saudi Arabia"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1312170", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1312170", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh \u2013 Saudi Arabia)"
}
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