Journal article Open Access

Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh – Saudi Arabia)

Amera ALQAHTANI; Munirah ALORAINI; Areej ALSUBAIE; Arwa ALATEQ; Beshair ALSAGABI; Nada BENAJIBA


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1312170", 
  "container_title": "The North African Journal of Food and Nutrition Research", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Comparison of Lifestyle Patterns and Body Weight Management Practices between Normal Weight and Obese Female University Students (Riyadh \u2013 Saudi Arabia)", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2017, 
        7, 
        3
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p><strong>BACKGROUND:</strong> According to a national survey in 2014, the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Saudi women is reaching 33.5%. Instead of adopting healthy lifestyle, this population may adopt some weight management practices (WMP) which might be unhealthy and some could lead to serious health issues.<strong> </strong><strong>AIM:</strong> &nbsp;To compare lifestyle patterns and WMP adopted by obese and normal weight Saudi females by assessing the difference in energy and macronutrients intake, dietary habits, level of physical activity and WMP.<strong> </strong><strong>METHODS:</strong>&nbsp; Through a cross-sectional study among female students at Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University (PNU) (Riyadh &ndash; KSA.), 200 participants were conveniently selected, assigned in two groups in obese and normal weight (each group have 100 students) based on their BMI according to the WHO cut-off values. Data collected through questionnaire and analysis was performed using SPSS program, Chi-square and <em>t</em>-test were used to assess the difference between the two groups. <strong>RESULTS: </strong>&nbsp;Unhealthy WMP were high among obese students. Total calorie intake was not different; however, fat intake was higher in obese group (p&lt;0.01). Level of moderate active was higher in normal group than obese group (33% versus 19%, respectively). Food frequency consumption showed that fruit, date and dressing were higher in obese group compared to normal weight group (p-value = 0.02, 0.01 and 0.03). <strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> Obese PNU female students adopt unhealthy WMP besides their inadequate nutritional intake and unhealthy dietary habits. Increasing awareness about the healthy lifestyle to manage weight is urgently needed.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Amera ALQAHTANI"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Munirah ALORAINI"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Areej ALSUBAIE"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Arwa ALATEQ"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Beshair ALSAGABI"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Nada BENAJIBA"
    }
  ], 
  "page": "11-18", 
  "volume": "01", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "issue": "01", 
  "id": "1312170"
}
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