Journal article Open Access
Background: Toxocariasis is a clinical notion that reflects human involvement with the Toxocara larvae in the second stage of development. Its typical syndromes are Larvae Migrans Visceralis, ocular toxocarosis , neurological form and occult form. The most common toxocariasis is asymptomatic, only eosinophilia and the positive serological result being the only manifestations of this helminth. The epidemiological examination and a detailed anamnesis of the patient can be helpful in establishing this diagnosis. Children are part of the risk group, especially because of the childhood habits, their undoubted attraction to puppies, and because of their low immune system.
Material and methods: The elaborated prospective-descriptive study presents the evolution features in a group of 94 children with T.canis monoinvasion in which were examined the clinical signs, important laboratory indices, the applied treatment and its influence.
Results: The study revealed the most common clinical signs and paraclinical changes in a group of 94 children with T.canis monoinvasion. Was examined the specific treatment by highlighting its influence on laboratory indices representative for this parasitosis.
Conclusions: The most common clinical signs were headache, dry cough and abdominal pain. The specific therapy for vicerial chronic toxocariasis in children was far superior in clinical outcomes, this being reflected by maintaining ALT levels within the normal values demonstrating the direct involvement of larvae and toxocara toxins in the establishment and maintenance of hepatic cytolytic syndrome in children.