Journal article Open Access

El cruce Alentejano x Bísaro: un estudio en TREASURE

Charneca, R; Martins, J; Freitas, A; Neves, J; Nunes, J; Elias, M; Laranjo, M; Bento, P; Silva, D; Paixim, H; Mendes, S


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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;Las razas Alentejana (AL) y B&amp;iacute;sara (BI) son las dos razas porcinas locales m&amp;aacute;s importantes de Portugal. Teniendo en cuenta los objetivos de conservaci&amp;oacute;n de las razas locales en peligro, como es el caso de AL y BI, y la b&amp;uacute;squeda de nuevos productos de calidad, nos hemos propuesto estudiar por primera vez el cruce de estas dos razas, las caracter&amp;iacute;sticas de su canal, carne y de un producto transformado t&amp;iacute;pico. CONCLUSIONES: Este cruce entre razas aut&amp;oacute;ctonas ib&amp;eacute;ricas puede ser considerado una alternativa a la presente utilizaci&amp;oacute;n de razas selectas, para mejorar la relaci&amp;oacute;n adiposidad/m&amp;uacute;sculo de las canales. Por otro lado, su rusticidad favorece la explotaci&amp;oacute;n de los animales cruzados en sistemas al aire libre. La utilizaci&amp;oacute;n deestos animales cruzados debe ser acompa&amp;ntilde;ada de programas de mejora en las dos razas. La utilizaci&amp;oacute;n&amp;nbsp; diferenciada de estas razas aut&amp;oacute;ctonas puede ayudar a su conservaci&amp;oacute;n in situ, a&amp;ntilde;adiendo rendimiento y sustentabilidad a regiones marginales de Europa . Complementariamente, la preservaci&amp;oacute;n del patrimonio gen&amp;eacute;tico favorece otros&lt;br&gt; valores econ&amp;oacute;micos, como el turismo ecol&amp;oacute;gico en el espacio rural y el turismo gastron&amp;oacute;mico basado en los productos&lt;br&gt; tradicionales genuinos, donde los jamones y los variados embutidos hacen, cada vez m&amp;aacute;s, parte de los men&amp;uacute;s locales&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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