Journal article Open Access

ГРАМАТИКА МІСЦЕВОГО ВІДМІНКА: ФУНКЦІЙНО-ПРЕСКРИПТИВНИЙ АСПЕКТ

А. П. Загнітко; Н. Г. Загнітко

Study of the case category, of its different components, is necessary in the consideration of regularities
of the parts of speech classes of nouns, adjectives, pronouns, numerals, as well as in clarifying
the specifics of verbal position – valence-motivated and adjacent – and other issues of the sentence
organization. The semi-componentness of categorical structure of the case in the Ukrainian
language (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, locative, and vocative) does not
exhaust the semantic wealth of this category, which constantly attracts attention that is motivated
by: 1) intra-morphological loading (flexional intension, interaction with categories of numbers,
gender, and so on); 2) intra-rhetorical functional realizations (forms of subordinate adverbial
syntactic communication (control in its varieties of strong, semi-strong, weak, formal adjoining,
etc.); 3) semantic-syntactic loading (semantic typology of predicates by valence peculiarities, etc.);
4) communicatively-actualized status (initial, absolutely final, post-finals and other manifestations).
The topicality of the consideration of the noun-local case is motivated by its weak character
in the intra-category consolidation, an active participation in the reduction of substantive semantics,
positional blurriness, and at the same time, the presence of a valence-valued nucleus for fixing
the actual-spatial semantics of the local case.
The purpose of the study is to establish the formal-grammatical, semantic-syntactic and
functional-cognitive status of the local case in the general structure of the grammatical system.
The purpose of the study motivates the need to cope with the foreground tasks: 1) characterize
the formal representativeness of the locative noun; 2) qualify the semantic-syntactic load of the
locative noun; 3) to find out functional-positional and cognitive-qualitative measure of the locative
nouns; 4) determine the capacity of the functional-semantic paradigm of the locative noun;
5) keep track of the linear positional attachment of the locative nouns in the diagnosed models.
The theoretical relevance of the research is determined by an extended interpretation of
the locative noun with arguing of its semantic-syntactic definition, linear positional attachment
and functional-cognitive motivation. The novelty of the study is qualified with the fact that the
locative nouns are considered informally-grammatical, semantic-syntactic, linear-positional and
functional-cognitive measurements for the first time. The practical importance of the analysis is
outlined by the possibility of its usage during the course of syntax in universities, considering issues
of the theory of language.
The study of the locative noun has revealed the functional force and linear-positional consolidation
of its primary semantic-syntactic specialized function of static localization with the
support on a formal-grammatical expression, the motivation of the form of control of the subordinate
proverbial syntactic connection. Most of the secondary semantic-syntactic functions of the
locative noun with corresponding formal-grammatical representations are positionally free (moving)
in the intra-sentence structure and are based on the adjoining form (case) of the subordinate
verbal syntactic connection.
Establishing the exhaustive volume of the functional-semantic paradigm of the locative noun
is possible under the condition of examination of all valence-valued unconditioned implementations.
The most functionally loaded is the study of secondary specifications and specializations
of the locative noun, with outline of: 1) its linear positional marking (the predominance of background
determinants in the initial position and the inter-positional fixing of deterministicallydriven
realizations of the cause, purpose, etc.); 2) the function-propositional relation within the
linear-sentence structure; 3) lexical fastening of the noun component with an analytic syntactic
morpheme ↔ preposition, etc. The study of the noun-local in its primary and secondary functions,
the diagnosis of the intra-rhetorical position and the parameterization of mobility, as well
as the consideration of the text-creation potential of all the components of the functional-semantic
paradigm of the noun-local is perspective. This is followed by an analysis of the forms of the locative
noun in the functional-semantic space of locality and the disclosure of the directions of the
relationship with other similar and / or non-similar entities.

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