Journal article Open Access

Collective behavior of optically trapped neutral atoms

Walker, Thad; Sesko, David; Wieman, Carl


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{
  "DOI": "10.1142/9789812813787_0036", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Walker, Thad"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Sesko, David"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Wieman, Carl"
    }
  ], 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        1990, 
        1, 
        22
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "We describe experiments that show collective behavior in clouds of optically trapped neutral atoms. This collective behavior is demonstrated in a variety of observed spatial distributions with abrupt bistable transitions between them. These distributions include stable rings of atoms around a small core and clumps of atoms rotating about the core. The size of the cloud grows rapidly as more atoms are loaded into it, implying a strong long-range repulsive force between the atoms. We show that a force arising from radiation trapping can explain much of this behavior.", 
  "title": "Collective behavior of optically trapped neutral atoms", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "1233883"
}
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