Journal article Open Access

Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal

McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul T. Jr


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  <dc:creator>McCrae, Robert R.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Costa, Paul T. Jr</dc:creator>
  <dc:date>1997-06-01</dc:date>
  <dc:description>Patterns of covariation among personality traits in English-speaking populations can be summarized by the five-factor model (FFM). To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P.T. Costa &amp; R. R. McCrae, 1992) were compared with the American factor structure. German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese samples (N = 7,134) showed similar structures after varimax rotation of 5 factors. When targeted rotations were used, the American factor structure was closely reproduced, even at the level of secondary loadings. Because the samples studied represented highly diverse cultures with languages from 5 distinct language families, these data strongly suggest that personality trait structure is universal.</dc:description>
  <dc:identifier>https://zenodo.org/record/1231466</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>10.1037/0003-066x.52.5.509</dc:identifier>
  <dc:identifier>oai:zenodo.org:1231466</dc:identifier>
  <dc:rights>info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess</dc:rights>
  <dc:rights>https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode</dc:rights>
  <dc:title>Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal</dc:title>
  <dc:type>info:eu-repo/semantics/article</dc:type>
  <dc:type>publication-article</dc:type>
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