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Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal

McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul T. Jr


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{
  "description": "Patterns of covariation among personality traits in English-speaking populations can be summarized by the five-factor model (FFM). To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P.T. Costa & R. R. McCrae, 1992) were compared with the American factor structure. German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese samples (N = 7,134) showed similar structures after varimax rotation of 5 factors. When targeted rotations were used, the American factor structure was closely reproduced, even at the level of secondary loadings. Because the samples studied represented highly diverse cultures with languages from 5 distinct language families, these data strongly suggest that personality trait structure is universal.", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "McCrae, Robert R."
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Costa, Paul T. Jr"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "1997-06-01", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1231466", 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.52.5.509", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/0003-066x.52.5.509", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal"
}
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