Journal article Open Access

Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal

McCrae, Robert R.; Costa, Paul T. Jr


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  <identifier identifierType="URL">https://zenodo.org/record/1231466</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>McCrae, Robert R.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Robert R.</givenName>
      <familyName>McCrae</familyName>
    </creator>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Costa, Paul T. Jr</creatorName>
      <givenName>Paul T. Jr</givenName>
      <familyName>Costa</familyName>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>Personality Trait Structure as a Human Universal</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>1997</publicationYear>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">1997-06-01</date>
  </dates>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/1231466</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1037/0003-066x.52.5.509</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="https://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">Patterns of covariation among personality traits in English-speaking populations can be summarized by the five-factor model (FFM). To assess the cross-cultural generalizability of the FFM, data from studies using 6 translations of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (P.T. Costa &amp;amp; R. R. McCrae, 1992) were compared with the American factor structure. German, Portuguese, Hebrew, Chinese, Korean, and Japanese samples (N = 7,134) showed similar structures after varimax rotation of 5 factors. When targeted rotations were used, the American factor structure was closely reproduced, even at the level of secondary loadings. Because the samples studied represented highly diverse cultures with languages from 5 distinct language families, these data strongly suggest that personality trait structure is universal.</description>
  </descriptions>
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