Journal article Open Access

The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment

Pecon-Slattery, Jill; Eizirik, Eduardo; Murphy, William J.; Johnson, Warren E.; Teeling, Emma C.; Antunes, Agostinho; O'Brien, Stephen J.

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<oai_dc:dc xmlns:dc="" xmlns:oai_dc="" xmlns:xsi="" xsi:schemaLocation="">
  <dc:creator>Pecon-Slattery, Jill</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Eizirik, Eduardo</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Murphy, William J.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Johnson, Warren E.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Teeling, Emma C.</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>Antunes, Agostinho</dc:creator>
  <dc:creator>O'Brien, Stephen J.</dc:creator>
  <dc:description>Modern felid species descend from relatively recent (&lt;11 million years ago) divergence and speciation events that produced successful predatory carnivores worldwide but that have confounded taxonomic classifications. A highly resolved molecular phylogeny with divergence dates for all living cat species, derived from autosomal, X-linked, Y-linked, and mitochondrial gene segments (22,789 base pairs) and 16 fossil calibrations define eight principal lineages produced through at least 10 intercontinental migrations facilitated by sea-level fluctuations. A ghost lineage analysis indicates that available felid fossils underestimate (i.e., unrepresented basal branch length) first occurrence by an average of 76%, revealing a low representation of felid lineages in paleontological remains. The phylogenetic performance of distinct gene classes showed that Y-chromosome segments are appreciably more informative than mitochondrial DNA, X-linked, or autosomal genes in resolving the rapid Felidae species radiation.</dc:description>
  <dc:title>The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment</dc:title>
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