Journal article Open Access

A systematic review of the predictions of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior

Ma, Jennifer; Batterham, Philip J.; Calear, Alison L.; Han, Jin

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    <subfield code="c">2016-06-01</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Context: Since the development of the Interpersonal Psychological Theory (IPTS; Joiner,
2005), a growing body of literature has emerged testing different aspects of the theory across
a range of populations. Objective: The aim of this review was to identify support for the
IPTS, and critical gaps in the evidence base, by systematically reviewing current evidence
testing the effects of thwarted belongingness, perceived burdensomeness, and acquired
capability on suicide ideation and attempt. Methods: PsycInfo and PubMed databases were
electronically searched for articles published between January 2005 and July 2015. Articles
were included if they directly assessed the IPTS constructs as predictors of suicidal ideation
or suicide attempt. Results: Fifty-eight articles reporting on 66 studies were identified.
Contrary to expectations, the studies provided mixed evidence across the theory's main
predictions. The effect of perceived burdensomeness on suicide ideation was the most tested
and supported relationship. The theory's other predictions, particularly in terms of critical
interaction effects, were less strongly supported. Conclusions: Future research focused on
expanding the availability of valid measurement approaches for the interpersonal risk factors,
and further elaborating upon their mixed relationships with suicide ideation and attempt
across multiple populations is important to advance theoretical and clinical progress in the
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    <subfield code="a">Batterham, Philip J.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Calear, Alison L.</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">Ma, Jennifer</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">10.1016/j.cpr.2016.04.008</subfield>
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  <datafield tag="245" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">A systematic review of the predictions of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior</subfield>
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