Journal article Open Access

Associations between Birth Order and Personality Traits: Evidence from Self-Reports and Observer Ratings

Jefferson, Tyrone; Herbst, Jeffrey H.; McCrae, Robert R.

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  <identifier identifierType="URL"></identifier>
      <creatorName>Jefferson, Tyrone</creatorName>
      <creatorName>Herbst, Jeffrey H.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Jeffrey H.</givenName>
      <creatorName>McCrae, Robert R.</creatorName>
      <givenName>Robert R.</givenName>
    <title>Associations between Birth Order and Personality Traits: Evidence from Self-Reports and Observer Ratings</title>
    <date dateType="Issued">1998-12-01</date>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="JournalArticle"/>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url"></alternateIdentifier>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsIdenticalTo">10.1006/jrpe.1998.2233</relatedIdentifier>
    <rights rightsURI="">Creative Commons Zero v1.0 Universal</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">Sulloway (1996) proposed that personality traits developed in childhood mediate the association of birth order with scientific radicalism. Birth-order effects on traits within the five-factor model of personality were examined in three studies. Self-reports on brief measures of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness in a national sample (N= 9664) were unrelated to birth order. Self-reports on the 30 facet scales of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) in an adult sample (N= 612) showed only small effects for Altruism and Tender-Mindedness. Peer ratings (N= 166) supported the hypotheses that laterborn children would be higher in facets of Openness and Agreeableness, but spouse ratings (N= 88) did not replicate those findings. Birth order may have subtle effects on perceived personality, but it is unlikely that this effect mediates associations with scientific radicalism.</description>
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