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Associations between Birth Order and Personality Traits: Evidence from Self-Reports and Observer Ratings

Jefferson, Tyrone; Herbst, Jeffrey H.; McCrae, Robert R.


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{
  "DOI": "10.1006/jrpe.1998.2233", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Jefferson, Tyrone"
    }, 
    {
      "family": "Herbst, Jeffrey H."
    }, 
    {
      "family": "McCrae, Robert R."
    }
  ], 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        1998, 
        12, 
        1
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "Sulloway (1996) proposed that personality traits developed in childhood mediate the association of birth order with scientific radicalism. Birth-order effects on traits within the five-factor model of personality were examined in three studies. Self-reports on brief measures of Neuroticism, Extraversion, and Openness in a national sample (N= 9664) were unrelated to birth order. Self-reports on the 30 facet scales of the Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) in an adult sample (N= 612) showed only small effects for Altruism and Tender-Mindedness. Peer ratings (N= 166) supported the hypotheses that laterborn children would be higher in facets of Openness and Agreeableness, but spouse ratings (N= 88) did not replicate those findings. Birth order may have subtle effects on perceived personality, but it is unlikely that this effect mediates associations with scientific radicalism.", 
  "title": "Associations between Birth Order and Personality Traits: Evidence from Self-Reports and Observer Ratings", 
  "type": "article-journal", 
  "id": "1229908"
}
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