Dataset Open Access

CM-RWL1-O15S16 Daily refugee arrivals and weather data, Italy/Central Med., Oct.2015 - Sept.2016

Harris V. Georgiou


       Dataset: CM-RWL1-O15S16

    Daily refugee arrivals and weather data
        Italy/Central Med., Oct.2015 - Sept.2016

            Release Notes

    Copyright (c) 2018 by Harris V. Georgiou

   Release:     Apr 14, 2018

   - Version:  1.1a
   - Format:   .xlsx/.csv/.txt

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-  Overview
-  Available file formats
-  Files and Datasets
-  License Agreement


Since early January 2015, Europe has witnessed an unprecedented influx of refugees
from regions of war and conflict in the Middle East, primarily Syria, Afghanistan
and Iraq. The rapid allocation of proper resources is the most critical factor in
the success or failure of any rescue and relief operations, especially in the "hot"
zones. In order to do so, proper tools of predictive analytics mus be available,
specifically for forecasting the intensity and, if possible, the location of the
next refugee influx waves, so that the rescue elements and the logistical support
is properly prepared beforehand.

This package contains a set of data regarding daily refugee arrivals at the general
area of the Central Mediterranean Sea, more specifically towards Italy, for the most
intense period of influx waves, from the beginning of October 2015 until the end of
September 2016 (one full year).

The sources of the data are:
1) For daily arrivals (Italy):
    UNHCR Refugees/Migrants Emergency Response (Data mashups)
2) For weather:
    Weather Underground Database (mashup of NOAA, aviation, local)

The datasets from (1) have already been used in various publications describing
such predictive analytics models. Detailed description and related conclusions
can be found at:

* Harris V. Georgiou, "Identification of refugee influx patterns in Greece via
model-theoretic analysis of daily arrivals" (9-May-2016),


The datasets are available in the following formats (included):

*.xlsx    : MS-Excel/LibreOffice native spreadsheets
*.csv    : comma-separated plaintext spreadsheets
*.txt    : raw plaintext files with full column headers

These data formats are equivalent, i.e., they contain the exact same
sets of data. Normally, at least one of them should be compatible
with any major programming platform (e.g. Matlab, Octave, R) or any
native programming language for arbitrary handling (e.g. C, Java).


Root folder:    CM-RWL1-O15S16\

Dataset 1:    Arrivals\(csv,xlsx)
        : Complete data series for refugee influx arrivals for Italy

Dataset 2:    Weather\(xlsx,txt)
    Habib Bourguiba, Tunisia
    Sfax El-Maou, Tunisia
    Lampedusa, Italy
    Luqa, Malta
    Tripoli Mitiga, Libya
        : Weather data (temp,wind,gust,w.dir,...) at local airports

The Mitiga airport station at Tripoli, Libya, is the most critical regarding
the construction of analytics and predictive modeling of the daily influx series
towards Italy. However, due to adverse conditions and lack of maintenance,
there are several blocks of consecutive days with missing weather data. Thus,
the other four reliable weather stations in the area should be used to build
regression models for filling-in these gaps.

The satellite map(*) in the \Suppl folder shows the situation of Search & Rescue
(SAR) operations, density of shipwrecks by the end of Sept. 2015, as well as
the location of these weather stations and how these relate spatially to the
target area of Tripoli, which is still the departing spot with the highest
density of boats.

(*) SAR map source:


This program was produced primarily for academic research and educational purposes.
Downloading and using this material implies acceptance of the Creative Commons
License: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (BY-NC-SA), 2016.

Copyright (c) 2018 by Harris V. Georgiou (MSc,PhD) --



Downloading and using this material implies acceptance of the Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International (BY-NC-SA), 2016 -- Copyright (c) 2016 by Harris V. Georgiou (MSc,PhD) --
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