Dataset Open Access

The "social brain" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information: An automated meta-analysis and an independent study

Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, & Stephan F. Taylor1,2


DataCite XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='utf-8'?>
<resource xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4" xsi:schemaLocation="http://datacite.org/schema/kernel-4 http://schema.datacite.org/meta/kernel-4.1/metadata.xsd">
  <identifier identifierType="DOI">10.5281/zenodo.1210217</identifier>
  <creators>
    <creator>
      <creatorName>Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, &amp; Stephan F. Taylor1,2</creatorName>
      <affiliation>1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America  2. Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America</affiliation>
    </creator>
  </creators>
  <titles>
    <title>The "social brain" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information:   An automated meta-analysis and an independent study</title>
  </titles>
  <publisher>Zenodo</publisher>
  <publicationYear>2018</publicationYear>
  <subjects>
    <subject>social cognition; fMRI; affective neuroscience; emotion; neuroimaging.</subject>
  </subjects>
  <dates>
    <date dateType="Issued">2018-03-30</date>
  </dates>
  <language>en</language>
  <resourceType resourceTypeGeneral="Dataset"/>
  <alternateIdentifiers>
    <alternateIdentifier alternateIdentifierType="url">https://zenodo.org/record/1210217</alternateIdentifier>
  </alternateIdentifiers>
  <relatedIdentifiers>
    <relatedIdentifier relatedIdentifierType="DOI" relationType="IsVersionOf">10.5281/zenodo.1210216</relatedIdentifier>
  </relatedIdentifiers>
  <rightsList>
    <rights rightsURI="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</rights>
    <rights rightsURI="info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess">Open Access</rights>
  </rightsList>
  <descriptions>
    <description descriptionType="Abstract">&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Abstract&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;How the human brain process social information is an increasingly researched topic in psychology and neuroscience, advancing our understanding of basic human cognition and psychopathologies.&amp;nbsp; Neuroimaging studies typically seek to isolate one specific aspect of social cognition when trying to map its neural substrates.&amp;nbsp; It is unclear if brain activation elicited by different social cognitive processes and task instructions are also spontaneously elicited by &amp;nbsp;general social information.&amp;nbsp; In this study, we investigated whether these brain regions are evoked by the mere presence of social information using an automated meta-analysis and confirmatory data from an independent study of simple appraisal of social vs. non-social images.&amp;nbsp; Results of 1,000 published fMRI studies containing the keyword of &amp;ldquo;social&amp;rdquo; were subject to an automated meta-analysis (neurosynth.org). &amp;nbsp;To confirm that significant brain regions in the meta-analysis were driven by a social effect, these brain regions were used as regions of interest (ROIs) to extract and compare BOLD fMRI signals of social vs. non-social conditions in the independent study.&amp;nbsp; The NeuroSynth results indicated that the dorsal and ventral medial prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, bilateral amygdala, bilateral occipito-temporal junction, right fusiform gyrus, bilateral temporal pole, and right inferior frontal gyrus are commonly engaged in studies with a prominent social element.&amp;nbsp; The social &amp;ndash; non-social contrast in the independent study showed a strong resemblance of the NeuroSynth map.&amp;nbsp; ROI analyses revealed that a social effect was credible in 8 out of the 11 NeuroSynth regions in the independent dataset.&amp;nbsp; The findings support that the &amp;ldquo;social brain&amp;rdquo; is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</description>
  </descriptions>
</resource>
18
139
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 1818
Downloads 139139
Data volume 2.7 GB2.7 GB
Unique views 1717
Unique downloads 22

Share

Cite as