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The "social brain" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information: An automated meta-analysis and an independent study

Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, & Stephan F. Taylor1,2


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        <foaf:name>Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, &amp; Stephan F. Taylor1,2</foaf:name>
        <foaf:givenName>2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, &amp; Stephan F. Taylor1,2</foaf:givenName>
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            <foaf:name>1. Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America 2. Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America</foaf:name>
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    <dct:title>The "social brain" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information: An automated meta-analysis and an independent study</dct:title>
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    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#gYear">2018</dct:issued>
    <dcat:keyword>social cognition; fMRI; affective neuroscience; emotion; neuroimaging.</dcat:keyword>
    <dct:issued rdf:datatype="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema#date">2018-03-30</dct:issued>
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    <dct:description>&lt;p&gt;&lt;strong&gt;Abstract&lt;/strong&gt;&lt;/p&gt; &lt;p&gt;How the human brain process social information is an increasingly researched topic in psychology and neuroscience, advancing our understanding of basic human cognition and psychopathologies.&amp;nbsp; Neuroimaging studies typically seek to isolate one specific aspect of social cognition when trying to map its neural substrates.&amp;nbsp; It is unclear if brain activation elicited by different social cognitive processes and task instructions are also spontaneously elicited by &amp;nbsp;general social information.&amp;nbsp; In this study, we investigated whether these brain regions are evoked by the mere presence of social information using an automated meta-analysis and confirmatory data from an independent study of simple appraisal of social vs. non-social images.&amp;nbsp; Results of 1,000 published fMRI studies containing the keyword of &amp;ldquo;social&amp;rdquo; were subject to an automated meta-analysis (neurosynth.org). &amp;nbsp;To confirm that significant brain regions in the meta-analysis were driven by a social effect, these brain regions were used as regions of interest (ROIs) to extract and compare BOLD fMRI signals of social vs. non-social conditions in the independent study.&amp;nbsp; The NeuroSynth results indicated that the dorsal and ventral medial prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, bilateral amygdala, bilateral occipito-temporal junction, right fusiform gyrus, bilateral temporal pole, and right inferior frontal gyrus are commonly engaged in studies with a prominent social element.&amp;nbsp; The social &amp;ndash; non-social contrast in the independent study showed a strong resemblance of the NeuroSynth map.&amp;nbsp; ROI analyses revealed that a social effect was credible in 8 out of the 11 NeuroSynth regions in the independent dataset.&amp;nbsp; The findings support that the &amp;ldquo;social brain&amp;rdquo; is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</dct:description>
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