Dataset Open Access

The "social brain" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information: An automated meta-analysis and an independent study

Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, & Stephan F. Taylor1,2


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1210217", 
  "container_title": "PLoS One", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "The \"social brain\" is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information:   An automated meta-analysis and an independent study", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2018, 
        3, 
        30
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p><strong>Abstract</strong></p>\n\n<p>How the human brain process social information is an increasingly researched topic in psychology and neuroscience, advancing our understanding of basic human cognition and psychopathologies.&nbsp; Neuroimaging studies typically seek to isolate one specific aspect of social cognition when trying to map its neural substrates.&nbsp; It is unclear if brain activation elicited by different social cognitive processes and task instructions are also spontaneously elicited by &nbsp;general social information.&nbsp; In this study, we investigated whether these brain regions are evoked by the mere presence of social information using an automated meta-analysis and confirmatory data from an independent study of simple appraisal of social vs. non-social images.&nbsp; Results of 1,000 published fMRI studies containing the keyword of &ldquo;social&rdquo; were subject to an automated meta-analysis (neurosynth.org). &nbsp;To confirm that significant brain regions in the meta-analysis were driven by a social effect, these brain regions were used as regions of interest (ROIs) to extract and compare BOLD fMRI signals of social vs. non-social conditions in the independent study.&nbsp; The NeuroSynth results indicated that the dorsal and ventral medial prefrontal cortex, posterior cingulate cortex, bilateral amygdala, bilateral occipito-temporal junction, right fusiform gyrus, bilateral temporal pole, and right inferior frontal gyrus are commonly engaged in studies with a prominent social element.&nbsp; The social &ndash; non-social contrast in the independent study showed a strong resemblance of the NeuroSynth map.&nbsp; ROI analyses revealed that a social effect was credible in 8 out of the 11 NeuroSynth regions in the independent dataset.&nbsp; The findings support that the &ldquo;social brain&rdquo; is highly sensitive to the mere presence of social information.&nbsp;</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Ivy F. Tso1,2*, Saige E. Rutherford1, Yu Fang1, Mike Angstadt1, & Stephan F. Taylor1,2"
    }
  ], 
  "type": "dataset", 
  "id": "1210217"
}
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