Dataset Open Access

The Ryerson Audio-Visual Database of Emotional Speech and Song (RAVDESS)

Livingstone, Steven R.; Russo, Frank A.


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{
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  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1188976", 
  "@type": "Dataset", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6364-6410", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "University of Wisconsin, River Falls", 
      "name": "Livingstone, Steven R."
    }, 
    {
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2939-6358", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "affiliation": "Ryerson University", 
      "name": "Russo, Frank A."
    }
  ], 
  "datePublished": "2018-04-05", 
  "description": "<p><strong>Contact Information</strong></p>\n\n<p>If you experience any issues downloading the RAVDESS, or if would like further information about the database, please contact us at <a href=\"mailto:ravdess@gmail.com?subject=RAVDESS%20feedback%20from%20Zenodo\">ravdess@gmail.com</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>Construction and Validation</strong></p>\n\n<p>Construction and validation of the RAVDESS is described in our paper: Livingstone SR, Russo FA (2018) The Ryerson Audio-Visual Database of Emotional Speech and Song (RAVDESS): A dynamic, multimodal set of facial and vocal expressions in North American English. PLoS ONE 13(5): e0196391.&nbsp;<a href=\"https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196391\">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196391</a>.&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Our Open Access paper is made freely available&nbsp;and can be downloaded without restriction from <a href=\"http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196391\">PLoS ONE</a>.</p>\n\n<p>The RAVDESS contains 7356 files. Each file&nbsp;was rated 10 times on emotional validity, intensity, and genuineness. Ratings were provided by 247 individuals who were characteristic of untrained adult research participants from North America. A further set of 72 participants provided test-retest data. High levels of emotional validity, interrater reliability,&nbsp;and test-retest intrarater reliability were reported. Validation data is open-access, and can be downloaded along with our paper from <a href=\"http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0196391\">PLOS ONE</a>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>Description</strong></p>\n\n<p>This dataset contains the complete set of 7356 RAVDESS files (total size: 24.8 GB). Each of the 24 actors consists of three modality formats: Audio-only&nbsp;(16bit, 48kHz .wav), Audio-Video (720p H.264, AAC 48kHz, .mp4), and Video-only (no sound).&nbsp;&nbsp;Note, there are no song files for Actor_18.</p>\n\n<p><em>Audio-only&nbsp;files</em></p>\n\n<p>Audio-only files of all actors (01-24) are available as two separate zip files (~200 MB each):</p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>Speech file (Audio_Speech_Actors_01-24.zip, 215 MB) contains 1440 files: 60 trials per actor x 24 actors = 1440.&nbsp;</li>\n\t<li>Song file (Audio_Song_Actors_01-24.zip, 198 MB) contains 1012 files: 44 trials per actor x 23 actors = 1012.</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p><em>Audio-Visual and Video-only files</em></p>\n\n<p>Video files are provided as separate zip downloads for each actor (01-24, ~500 MB each), and are split into separate speech and song downloads:</p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>Speech files (Video_Speech_Actor_01.zip to Video_Speech_Actor_24.zip) collectively contains 2880 files: 60 trials per actor x 2 modalities (AV, VO) x&nbsp;24 actors&nbsp;= 2880.</li>\n\t<li>Song files (Video_Song_Actor_01.zip to Video_Song_Actor_24.zip) collectively contains 2024 files: 44 trials per actor x 2 modalities (AV, VO) x&nbsp;23 actors&nbsp;= 2024.</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p><em>File Summary</em></p>\n\n<p>In total, the RAVDESS collection includes 7356 files (2880+2024+1440+1012 files).</p>\n\n<p><strong>License information</strong></p>\n\n<p>The RAVDESS is released under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License,&nbsp;<a href=\"https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/\">CC BY-NA-SC 4.0</a>&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p><strong>How to cite the RAVDESS</strong></p>\n\n<p><em>Academic citation&nbsp;</em><br>\nIf you use the RAVDESS in an academic publication, please use the following citation:&nbsp;</p>\n\n<p>Livingstone SR, Russo FA (2018) The Ryerson Audio-Visual Database of Emotional Speech and Song (RAVDESS): A dynamic, multimodal set of facial and vocal expressions in North American English. PLoS ONE 13(5): e0196391. <a href=\"https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196391\">https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196391</a>.<br>\n<br>\n<em>All other attributions&nbsp;</em><br>\nIf you use the RAVDESS in a form other than an academic publication, such as in a blog post, school project, or non-commercial product, please use the following attribution: &quot;<a href=\"https://zenodo.org/record/1188976\">The Ryerson Audio-Visual Database of Emotional Speech and Song (RAVDESS)</a>&quot; by Livingstone &amp; Russo is licensed under&nbsp;<a href=\"https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/\">CC BY-NA-SC 4.0</a>.</p>\n\n<p><strong>File naming convention</strong></p>\n\n<p>Each of the 7356 RAVDESS files has a unique filename. The filename consists of a 7-part numerical identifier (e.g., 02-01-06-01-02-01-12.mp4). These identifiers define the stimulus characteristics:&nbsp;<br>\n<br>\n<em>Filename identifiers&nbsp;</em></p>\n\n<ul>\n\t<li>Modality (01 = full-AV, 02 = video-only, 03 = audio-only).</li>\n\t<li>Vocal channel (01 = speech, 02 = song).</li>\n\t<li>Emotion (01 = neutral, 02 = calm, 03 = happy, 04 = sad, 05 = angry, 06 = fearful, 07 = disgust, 08 = surprised).</li>\n\t<li>Emotional intensity (01 = normal, 02 = strong). NOTE: There is no strong intensity for the &#39;neutral&#39; emotion.</li>\n\t<li>Statement (01 = &quot;Kids are talking by the door&quot;, 02 = &quot;Dogs are sitting by the door&quot;).</li>\n\t<li>Repetition (01 = 1st repetition, 02 = 2nd repetition).</li>\n\t<li>Actor (01 to 24. Odd numbered actors are male, even numbered actors are female).</li>\n</ul>\n\n<p><br>\n<em>Filename example: 02-01-06-01-02-01-12.mp4&nbsp;</em></p>\n\n<ol>\n\t<li>Video-only (02)</li>\n\t<li>Speech (01)</li>\n\t<li>Fearful (06)</li>\n\t<li>Normal intensity (01)</li>\n\t<li>Statement &quot;dogs&quot; (02)</li>\n\t<li>1st Repetition (01)</li>\n\t<li>12th Actor (12)</li>\n\t<li>Female, as the actor ID number is even.</li>\n</ol>", 
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  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1188976", 
  "keywords": [
    "emotion", 
    "emotion expression", 
    "emotion perception", 
    "emotion database", 
    "facial expressions", 
    "vocal expressions", 
    "stimulus validation", 
    "face", 
    "voice", 
    "multimodal communication", 
    "RAVDESS", 
    "emotion classification"
  ], 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/", 
  "name": "The Ryerson Audio-Visual Database of Emotional Speech and Song (RAVDESS)", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1188976", 
  "version": "1.0.0"
}

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