Report Open Access
Eco-innovation strategies have been developed during the last two decades in many
regions and countries to foster economic development and reduce environmental
impacts. This study presents lessons learned from experiences on eco-innovation parks,
encompassing sustainable industrial and urban projects at the park or district scale.
Based on a defined set of eco-criteria, different combinations of environmental measures,
business models and integrated developments leading to economic, environmental
and social gains for the park and its surroundings have been identified.
Best practices and success factors are analyzed for 168 eco-innovation parks detailed
for 27 countries. These case studies distributed among 18 European and 9 non-
European countries highlight a set of positive impacts and feedbacks from existing or
planned eco-innovation parks. Lessons learned from best practices are summarized and
recommendations are made to advise park developer, operators and stakeholders on
how to design and manage industrial parks or urban areas towards eco-innovation