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DIVERSITY ACROSS MAJOR AND CANDIDATE GENES IN EUROPEAN LOCAL PIG BREEDS

Óvilo, Cristina; Bozzi, Riccardo; García, F; Nuñez, Yolanda; Geraci, Claudia; Crovetti, Alessandro; García-Casco, Juan; Alves, Estefânia; Škrlep, Martin; Charneca, Rui; Quintanilla, Raquel; Kušec, Goran; Riquet, Juliette; Mercat, Marie-José; Zimmer, Christoph; Razmaitė, Violeta; Araújo, José Pedro; Radović, Čedomir; Savić, Radomir; Čandek-Potokar, Marjeta; Fontanesi, Luca; Fernández, Ana; Muñoz, Maria


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    "description": "<p>In the frame of the European TREASURE* project, the genetic characterization of 20 local pig breeds is being performed with genetic and genomic tools. The objectives are the study of genetic diversity in these populations and the identification of useful markers for authentication, traceability, conservation and breeding programs. In first place, a candidate gene approach has been applied and the most relevant genes and mutations associated with pig productive, meat quality, reproductive and disease resistance traits have&nbsp; been prioritized and analyzed. Two OpenArray&reg; chips of 32 and 16 SNPs were designed and genotyped in 48 animals from each one of 20 breeds included in the project (Alentejana, Apulo Calabrese, Basque, B&iacute;saro, Black Majorcan, Black Sicilian, Black Slavonian, Casertana, Cinta Senese, Gascon, Iberian, Krskopolje, Lithuanian indigenous wattle, Mangalitsa, Mora Romagnola, Moravka, Old Lithuanian White, Sarda, Schw&auml;bisch H&auml;llisches, Turopolje). Forty SNPs located in 34 genes were successfully genotyped (MC1R, TYRP1, NR6A, PCK1, RYR1, IGF2, MC4R, PHKG1, SCD, GBP5, TAS2R39, TAS2R4, MUC4, ESR1, CYP2E1, LEP, CAST, MTTP, CYB5A, FTO, PPARGC1A, CAPN1, PPARD, CTSL, LEPR, PRKAG3, ACACA, KIT, ACSL4, ADIPOQ, FASN, AHR, FUT1, MSTN). Results provide relevant information regarding genetic diversity and segregation of SNPs responsible for specific production and quality traits. Coat color and morphological trait-genes, showing low level of segregation, and fixed SNPs may be useful for traceability. On the other hand, we detected SNPs which may be useful for breeding programs. For instance, we observed predominance of unfavorable alleles for disease resistance and boar taint genes in most breeds, and segregation of many genes involved in meat quality, fatness and growth. These results joint with ongoing genomic assays, will provide essential information regarding genetic diversity, structure, selective signatures and biological processes responsible for specific production and quality traits.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "DIVERSITY ACROSS MAJOR AND CANDIDATE GENES IN EUROPEAN LOCAL PIG BREEDS", 
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    "imprint": {
      "isbn": "978-84-697-7375-8"
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        "title": "DIVERSITY OF LOCAL PIG BREEDS AND PRODUCTION SYSTEMS FOR HIGH QUALITY TRADITIONAL PRODUCTS AND SUSTAINABLE PORK CHAINS", 
        "acronym": "TREASURE", 
        "program": "H2020", 
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    "keywords": [
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    "publication_date": "2017-11-23", 
    "creators": [
      {
        "affiliation": "Departamento Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Madrid, Espa\u00f1a", 
        "name": "\u00d3vilo, Cristina"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Department of Agrifood Production and Environmental Sciences, School of Agriculture, University of Florence", 
        "name": "Bozzi, Riccardo"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Departamento Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Madrid, Espa\u00f1a", 
        "name": "Garc\u00eda, F"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Departamento Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Madrid, Espa\u00f1a", 
        "name": "Nu\u00f1ez, Yolanda"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Universita di Bologna, Italy", 
        "name": "Geraci, Claudia"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Universita degli studi di Firenze, Italy", 
        "name": "Crovetti, Alessandro"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Centro de I+D en Cerdo Ib\u00e9rico, Dpto. Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Zafra, Spain", 
        "name": "Garc\u00eda-Casco, Juan"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Departamento Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Madrid, Espa\u00f1a", 
        "name": "Alves, Estef\u00e2nia"
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      {
        "affiliation": "Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia", 
        "name": "\u0160krlep, Martin"
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        "affiliation": "Universidade de \u00c9vora, ICAAM, Portugal", 
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      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Faculty of Agriculture in Osijek, J.J. Strossmayer University of Osijek, Osijek, Croatia", 
        "name": "Ku\u0161ec, Goran"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "G\u00e9n\u00e9tique Physiologie et Syst\u00e8mes d'Elevage, INRA, France", 
        "name": "Riquet, Juliette"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Institut du porc, IFIP, France", 
        "name": "Mercat, Marie-Jos\u00e9"
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      {
        "affiliation": "B\u00e4uerlichen Erzeugergemeinschaft Schw\u00e4bisch Hall, Germany", 
        "name": "Zimmer, Christoph"
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      {
        "affiliation": "Institute of Animal Science, Lithuanian University", 
        "name": "Razmait\u0117, Violeta"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Instituto Polit\u00e9cnico de Viana do Castelo, Portugal", 
        "name": "Ara\u00fajo, Jos\u00e9 Pedro"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "Institute for Animal Husbandry-Pig Research Department, Serbia", 
        "name": "Radovi\u0107, \u010cedomir"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": "University of Belgrade-Faculty of Agriculture, Republic of Serbia", 
        "name": "Savi\u0107, Radomir"
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        "affiliation": "Agricultural Institute of Slovenia, Ljubljana, Slovenia", 
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        "affiliation": "Universita di Bologna, Italy", 
        "name": "Fontanesi, Luca"
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        "affiliation": "Departamento Mejora Gen\u00e9tica Animal, INIA, Madrid, Espa\u00f1a", 
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        "name": "Mu\u00f1oz, Maria"
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    "meeting": {
      "dates": "23-25 November 2017", 
      "session": "SESSION 2. BREEDING AND GENETICS", 
      "place": "Badajoz, Spain", 
      "title": "4th Fatty Pig Science and Utilization International Conference"
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