Journal article Open Access

Frequency vs. iconicity in explaining grammatical asymmetries

Haspelmath, Martin


MARC21 XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<record xmlns="http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim">
  <leader>00000nam##2200000uu#4500</leader>
  <datafield tag="653" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">usage frequency, iconicity, language economy</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <controlfield tag="005">20190409132517.0</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="001">1133888</controlfield>
  <datafield tag="856" ind1="4" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="s">192858</subfield>
    <subfield code="z">md5:586c4f22ef83d96236155553a978d961</subfield>
    <subfield code="u">https://zenodo.org/record/1133888/files/FrequencyIconicity.pdf</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="542" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="l">open</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="260" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="c">2008-01-01</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="909" ind1="C" ind2="O">
    <subfield code="p">openaire</subfield>
    <subfield code="o">oai:zenodo.org:1133888</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="909" ind1="C" ind2="4">
    <subfield code="c">1-33</subfield>
    <subfield code="n">1</subfield>
    <subfield code="p">Cognitive Linguistics</subfield>
    <subfield code="v">19</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="100" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="u">Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0003-2100-8493</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Haspelmath, Martin</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="245" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Frequency vs. iconicity in explaining grammatical asymmetries</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="540" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="u">http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="7">
    <subfield code="a">cc-by</subfield>
    <subfield code="2">opendefinition.org</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="520" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This paper argues that three widely accepted motivating factors subsumed under the broad heading of iconicity, namely iconicity of quantity, iconicity of complexity and iconicity of cohesion, in fact have no role in explaining grammatical asymmetries and should be discarded. The iconicity accounts of the relevant phenomena have been proposed by authorities like Jakobson, Haiman and Giv&amp;oacute;n, but I argue that these linguists did not su&amp;permil;ciently con- sider alternative usage-based explanations in terms of frequency of use. A closer look shows that the well-known Zipfian e&amp;curren;ects of frequency of use (leading to shortness and fusion) can be made responsible for all of the al- leged iconicity e&amp;curren;ects, and initial corpus data for a range of phenomena confirm the correctness of the approach.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="024" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">10.1515/COG.2008.001</subfield>
    <subfield code="2">doi</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="980" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">publication</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">article</subfield>
  </datafield>
</record>
114
76
views
downloads
Views 114
Downloads 76
Data volume 14.7 MB
Unique views 105
Unique downloads 68

Share

Cite as