Journal article Open Access

Preventing and Coping Strategies for Cyber Bullying and Cyber Victimization

Erdinc Ozturk; Gizem Akcan

Although there are several advantages of information and communication technologies, they cause some problems like cyber bullying and cyber victimization. Cyber bullying and cyber victimization have lots of negative effects on people. There are lots of different strategies to prevent cyber bullying and victimization. This study was conducted to provide information about the strategies that are used to prevent cyber bullying and cyber victimization. 120 (60 women, 60 men) university students whose ages are between 18 and 35 participated this study. According to findings of this study, men are more prone to cyber bullying than women. Moreover, men are also more prone to cyber victimization than women.

Files (172.0 kB)
Name Size
172.0 kB Download
  • Beran, T., & Li, Q. (2005). Cyber-harassment: A study of a new method for an old behavior. Journal of educational Computing Research, 32(3), 265-277.

  • DeHue, F., Bolman, C., & Völlink, T. (2008). Cyberbullying: Youngsters' experiences and parental perception. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(2), 217-223.

  • Neary, A. & Joseph, S. (1994). Peer victimization and its relationship to self-concept and depression among schoolgirls. Personality and Individual Differences, 16, 183-186.

  • Arıcak, O. T., Kınay, H., & Tanrıkulu, T. (2012). Siber zorbalık ölçeğinin ilk psikometrik bulguları. Hasan Âli Yücel Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 9(1), 101-114

  • Smith, P. K., Mahdavi, J., Carvalho, M., Fisher, S., Russell, S., & Tippett, N. (2008). Cyberbullying: Its nature and impact in secondary school pupils. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 49(4), 376-385.

  • Campbell, M.A. (2005). Cyberbullying: An old problem in a new guise? Australian Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 15(1), 68-76.

  • Şahin, M., Aydın & B. Sarı, S. V. (2012) Cyberbullying, cyber victimization and psychological symptoms: A study in adolescent. C.U. Faculty of EducationJournal, 41/1, 53-59.

  • Tokunaga, R. S. (2010). Following you home from school: A critical review and synthesis of research on cyberbullying victimization. Computers in human behavior, 26(3), 277-287.

  • Olweus, D. (1999). In PK Smith, Y. Morita, J. Junger-Tas, D. Olweus, R. Catalano, and P. Slee (Eds.). The nature of school bullying, 28-48. [10] Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of adolescent health, 41(6), S30. [11] Ceyhan, E.; Ceyhan, A.A.& Gürcan A. (2007) The validity and reability of the problematic internet usage scale. Educational Sciences: Theory And Practice, Vol.7, No:1, 411–416 [12] Ybarra, M. L. (2004). Linkages between depressive symptomatology and Internet harassment among young regular Internet users. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 7(2), 247-257. [13] Juvonen, J. and E.F. Gross (2008) Extending the school grounds bullying experiences in cyberspace, Journal of School Health 78(9): 496–505. [14] Li, Q. (2006) Cyberbullying in schools: A research of gender differences, School Pyschology International 27, 157-170 [15] Worthen, M. (2007). Education policy implications from the expert panel on electronic media and youth violence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 61–62. [16] Agatston, P. W., Kowalski, R., & Limber, S. (2007). Students' perspectives on cyber bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41(6), 59-S60. [17] Cook, C. R., Williams, K. R., Guerra, N. G., & Kim, T. E. (2010). Variability in the prevalence of bullying and victimization. The handbook of bullying in schools: An international perspective, 347-362 [18] Çelen, F. K., Çelik, A., & Seferoğlu, S. S. (2011). Çocukların internet kullanımları ve onları bekleyen çevrim içi riskler. Akademik Bilişim, 2-4. [19] Wang, J., Iannotti, R. J. & Nansel, T. R. (2009). School bullying among adolescents in the United States: Physical, verbal, relational, and cyber. Journal of Adolescent health, 45(4), 368-375. [20] Wolak, J., Mitchell, K., & Finkelhor, D. (2007). Does online harassment constitute bullying? An exploration of online harassment by known peers and onlineonly contacts. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, 51–58 [21] Peker A., Eroğlu Y., & Çitemel, N. (2012). Boyun eğici davranışlar ile siber zorbalık ve siber mağduriyet arasındaki ilişkide cinsiyetin aracılığının incelenmesi. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi, 9(1), 205-221. [22] Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of suicide research, 14(3), 206-221. [23] Mesch, G.S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 12(4), 387-393. [24] Topçu, Ç. Baker, Ö.E., Çapa & Aydın, Y. (2008). Examination of cyber bullying experiences among Turkish students from different school types. Cyber Psychology & Behavior, 11, 643-648 [25] Ybarra, M.L. & Mitchell, K. J. (2004). Online agressor/ targerts, aggressors, and targetst: A comparison of associated youth characteristics. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 45, 1308-1316. [26] Rivers, I., & Noret, N. (2010). Findings from a five‐year study of text and email bullying. British Educational Research Journal, 36(4), 643-671. [27] Dursun, Ö. Ö. & Akbulut, Y. (2010). Investigation of cyberbullying victimization and communication styles in a hybrid learning environment. Paper presented at IODL & ICEM International Joint Conference and Media Days, Eskisehir, Turkey. 206-221. [28] Yıldırım, İ. (2004). Lise öğrencilerinde boyun eğici davranışların yaygınlığı. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 26, 220-228. [29] Yılmaz, H. (2010). An examination of preservice teachers' perceptions about cyberbullying. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 6 (4), 263-270 [30] Yıldırım, İ. and Ergene, T. (2003). Lise son sınıf öğrencilerinin akademik başarılarının yordayıcısı olarak sınav kaygısı, boyun eğici davranışlar ve sosyal destek. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 25, 224-234 [31] Erdur-Baker, Ö., & Kavşut, F. (2007). A new face of peer bullying: Cyber bullying. Journal of Euroasian Educational Research, 27, 31-42.

All versions This version
Views 130130
Downloads 5353
Data volume 9.1 MB9.1 MB
Unique views 129129
Unique downloads 4949


Cite as