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Synthesis and Characterization of Recycled Isotactic Polypropylene Nanocomposites Containing Date Wood Fiber

Habib Shaban

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    "description": "Nanocomposites of isotactic polypropylene (iPP) and<br>\ndate wood fiber were prepared after modification of the host matrix<br>\nby reactive extrusion grafting of maleic anhydride. Chemical and<br>\nmechanical treatment of date wood flour (WF) was conducted to<br>\nobtain nanocrystalline cellulose. Layered silicates (clay) were<br>\npartially intercalated with date wood fiber, and the modified layered<br>\nsilicate was used as filler in the PP matrix via a melt-blending<br>\nprocess. The tensile strength of composites prepared from wood fiber<br>\nmodified clay was greater than that of the iPP-clay and iPP-WF<br>\ncomposites at a 6% filler concentration, whereas deterioration of<br>\nmechanical properties was observed when clay and WF were used<br>\nalone for reinforcement. The dispersion of the filler in the matrix<br>\nsignificantly decreased after clay modification with cellulose at<br>\nhigher concentrations, as shown by X-ray diffraction (XRD) data.", 
    "doi": "10.5281/zenodo.1112155", 
    "keywords": [
      "isotactic polypropylene", 
      "date wood\nflour", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "license": {
      "id": "CC-BY-4.0"
    "publication_date": "2016-02-01", 
    "references": [
      "Danya di, L.; Janecska T.; Szabo, Z.; Nagy, G.; Moczo , J.; Pukanszky,\nB. Compos Sci Technol 2007, 67, 2838.", 
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      "Pandey, J. K.; Lee, J. W.; Chu, W. S.; Saini, D. R.; Mohanty, A. K.;\nMishra, M.; Lan, T.; Ahn, S. H. Nanocomposites of Polyolefins for\nPackaging Applications, Chapter 4. In the book on Polymer\nNanocomposits for Packaging Application; Nalwa, H. S., Mohanty, A.\nK., Eds.; American Scientific Publishers:Valencia, CA,2010.", 
      "Gao, F. Mater Today 2004, 7, 50.", 
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      "Thunwall, M.; Boldizar, A.; Rigdahl, M.; Banke, K.; Lindstrom, T.;\nTufvesson, H.; Hogman, S. J Appl Polym Sci 2008, 10, 918.", 
      "Zhong, Y.; Poloso, T.; Hetzer, M.; Kee, D. D. Polym Eng Sci 2007, 47,\n803.\n[10] Park, H.; Misra, M.; Drzal, L. T.; Mohanty, A. K. Biomacromolecules\n2004, 5, 2281.\n[11] Cave, I. D.; Hutt, L. Wood Sci Technol 1968, 2, 268.\n[12] Taiz, L.; Ann Rev Plant Physiol 1984, 35, 385.\n[13] Helbert, W.; Sugiyama, J.; Ishihara, M.; Yamanaka, S. J Biotechnol\n1997, 57, 29.\n[14] Tserki, V.; Matzinos, P.; Kokkou, S.; Panayiotou, C. Compos Part A 36:\n965 2005.\n[15] Wang, N.; Ding, E.; Cheng, R. Polymer 2007, 48, 3486.\n[16] Freudenberg, U.; Zschoche, S.; Simon, F.; Janke, A.; Schmidt, K.;\nBehrens, S. H.; Auweter, H.; Werner, C. Biomacromolecules 2005, 6,\n1628.\n[17] Bledzki, A. K.; Gassan, J. Prog Polym Sci 1999, 24, 221.\n[18] Pandey, J. K. PhD Thesis, University of Pune, 2007.\n[19] Ray, S. S.; Okamoto, M. Prog Polym Sci 2003, 28, 1539.\n[20] Pandey, J. K.; Reddy, R. K.; Kumar, A. P.; Singh, R. P. Polym Degrad\nStab 2005, 88, 234."
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    "title": "Synthesis and Characterization of Recycled Isotactic Polypropylene Nanocomposites Containing Date Wood Fiber", 
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