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Parental and Related Factors Affecting Students' Academic Achievement in Oyo State, Nigeria

Oladele K. Ogunsola; Kazeem A. Osuolale; Akintayo O. Ojo

Many factors influence the educational outcome of students. Some of these have been studied by researchers with many emphasizing the role of students, schools, governments, peer groups and so on. More often than not, some of these factors influencing the academic achievement of the students have been traced back to parents and family; being the primary platform on which learning not only begins but is nurtured, encouraged and developed which later transforms to the performance of the students. This study not only explores parental and related factors that predict academic achievement through the review of relevant literatures but also, investigates the influence of parental background on the academic achievement of senior secondary school students in Ibadan North Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. As one of the criteria of the quality of education, students' academic achievement was investigated because it is most often cited as an indicator of school effectiveness by school authorities and educationists. The data collection was done through interviews and use of well-structured questionnaires administered to one hundred students (100) within the target local government. This was statistically analysed and the result showed that parents' attitudes towards their children's education had significant effect(s) on students' self-reporting of academic achievement. However, such factors as parental education and socioeconomic background had no significant relationship with the students' self-reporting of academic achievement.

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