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The Optimization of Copper Sulfate and Tincalconite Molar Ratios on the Hydrothermal Synthesis of Copper Borates

E. Moroydor Derun; N. Tugrul; F. T. Senberber; A. S. Kipcak; S. Piskin


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    "description": "<p>In this research, copper borates are synthesized by the<br>\nreaction of copper sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO4.5H2O) and<br>\ntincalconite (Na2O4B7.10H2O). The experimental parameters are<br>\nselected as 80oC reaction temperature and 60 of reaction time. The<br>\neffect of mole ratio of CuSO4.5H2O to Na2O4B7.5H2O is studied. For<br>\nthe identification analyses X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier<br>\nTransform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques are used. At the<br>\nend of the experiments, synthesized copper borate is matched with<br>\nthe powder diffraction file of &ldquo;00-001-0472&rdquo; [Cu(BO2)2] and<br>\ncharacteristic vibrations between B and O atoms are seen. The proper<br>\ncrystals are obtained at the mole ratio of 3:1. This study showed that<br>\nsimplified synthesis process is suitable for the production of copper<br>\nborate minerals.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "The Optimization of Copper Sulfate and Tincalconite Molar Ratios on the Hydrothermal Synthesis of Copper Borates", 
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    "references": [
      "ETI MINE General Directorate, \"Bor sector report\", Istanbul, 2013.", 
      "J. Schl\u00fcter, D. Pohl, U. Golla Schindler, \"Santarosaite, CuB2O4, a new\nmineral with disordered structure from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama\ndesert, Chile\", Neues Jahrbuch f\u00fcr Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, vol.\n185, 27-32, 2008.", 
      "A.R. Kampf, G. Favreau, \"Jacquesdietrichite, Cu2[BO(OH)2](OH)3, a\nnew mineral from the Tachgagalt mine, Morocco: Description and\ncrystal structure\", European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 16, 361-366,\n2004.", 
      "J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols, \"Handbook of\nMineralogy, 1997, vol. 3, 35,.", 
      "P. A. Kokkoros, P. J. Rentzeperis, \"The crystal structure of the\nanhydrous sulphates of copper and zinc\", Acta Crystallographica, vol.\n11, 361\u2013364, 1958.", 
      "M. R. Snure, A. Tiwari, \"CuBO2: A p-type transparent oxide\", Applied\nPhysics Letters, vol. 91, 1-4, 2007.", 
      "N. V. Kuratieva, D. Mikhailova, H. Ehrenberg, \"A new polymorph of\nCu3B2O6\", Acta Crystallographica Section C - Crystal Structure\nCommunications, vol. C65, i85\u2013i86, 2009.", 
      "M. R. Snure, \"Transparent conducting oxides and their applications\",\n2009, PhD Thesis, The University of Utah, Utah, USA.", 
      "S.S. Nair, \"Effectiveness of Copper-Boron Diffusion Treatments for\nWood\", 2006, MSc. Thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow, USA.\n[10] C. Zhu, W. Li, X. Nai1, D. Zhu, F. Guo, S. Song, \"Preparation of copper\naluminum borate whiskers via flux method\", Crystal Research and\nTechnology, vol. 47, 73-78, 2012.\n[11] D. O. Scanlon, A. Walsh, G. W. Watson, \"Understanding the p-Type\nConduction Properties of the Transparent Conducting Oxide CuBO2: A\nDensity Functional Theory Analysis\", Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21,\n4568\u20134576, 2009.\n[12] P.S. Malavi, S. Karmakar, S.M. Sharma, \"High pressure structural\ninvestigations of copper metaborate (CuB2O4)\", SOLID STATE\nPHYSICS: Proceedings of the 57th DAE Solid State Physics Symposium,\nvol. 1512, 88-89, 2013.\n[13] Y. Zheng, Z. Wang, Y. Tian, Y. Qu, S. Li, D. An, X. Chen, S. Guan,\n\"Synthesis and performance of 1D and 2D copper borate\nnano/microstructures with different morphologies\", Colloids and\nSurfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 349, 156\u2013\n161, 2009.\n[14] S. Santra, N.S. Das, K.K. Chattopadhyay, \"Sol\u2013gel synthesis and\ncharacterization of wide band gap p-type nanocrystalline CuBO2\",\nMaterials Letters, vol. 92, 198\u2013201, 2013.\n[15] E. Moroydor Derun, A. S. Kipcak, \"Characterization of some boron\nminerals against neutron shielding and 12 year performance of neutron\npermeability\", Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, vol.\n292, 871-878, 2012.\n[16] C.E. Weir, R.A. Schroer, \"Infrared spectra of the crystalline inganic\nborates\", Journal of Research of The National Bureau of Standards- A.\nPhysics ond Chemistry, vol. 68A, 465\u2013486, 1964.\n[17] J. Yongzhong, G. Shiyang, X. Shuping, L. Lun, \"FT-IR spectroscopy of\nsupersaturated aqueous solutions of magnesium borate\", Spectrochimica\nActa Part A, 56, 1291\u20131297, 2000."
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "Hydrothermal synthesis", 
      "copper borates", 
      "copper\nsulfate", 
      "tincalconite."
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    "publication_date": "2014-10-04", 
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