Journal article Open Access

The Optimization of Copper Sulfate and Tincalconite Molar Ratios on the Hydrothermal Synthesis of Copper Borates

E. Moroydor Derun; N. Tugrul; F. T. Senberber; A. S. Kipcak; S. Piskin

In this research, copper borates are synthesized by the
reaction of copper sulfate pentahydrate (CuSO4.5H2O) and
tincalconite (Na2O4B7.10H2O). The experimental parameters are
selected as 80oC reaction temperature and 60 of reaction time. The
effect of mole ratio of CuSO4.5H2O to Na2O4B7.5H2O is studied. For
the identification analyses X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier
Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) techniques are used. At the
end of the experiments, synthesized copper borate is matched with
the powder diffraction file of “00-001-0472” [Cu(BO2)2] and
characteristic vibrations between B and O atoms are seen. The proper
crystals are obtained at the mole ratio of 3:1. This study showed that
simplified synthesis process is suitable for the production of copper
borate minerals.

Files (416.9 kB)
Name Size
9999594.pdf
md5:2b63b57bc84845c1f2a17f97fa802090
416.9 kB Download
  • A.R. Kampf, G. Favreau, "Jacquesdietrichite, Cu2[BO(OH)2](OH)3, a new mineral from the Tachgagalt mine, Morocco: Description and crystal structure", European Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 16, 361-366, 2004.

  • ETI MINE General Directorate, "Bor sector report", Istanbul, 2013.

  • J. Schlüter, D. Pohl, U. Golla Schindler, "Santarosaite, CuB2O4, a new mineral with disordered structure from the Santa Rosa mine, Atacama desert, Chile", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, vol. 185, 27-32, 2008.

  • J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols, "Handbook of Mineralogy, 1997, vol. 3, 35,.

  • M. R. Snure, "Transparent conducting oxides and their applications", 2009, PhD Thesis, The University of Utah, Utah, USA.

  • M. R. Snure, A. Tiwari, "CuBO2: A p-type transparent oxide", Applied Physics Letters, vol. 91, 1-4, 2007.

  • N. V. Kuratieva, D. Mikhailova, H. Ehrenberg, "A new polymorph of Cu3B2O6", Acta Crystallographica Section C - Crystal Structure Communications, vol. C65, i85–i86, 2009.

  • P. A. Kokkoros, P. J. Rentzeperis, "The crystal structure of the anhydrous sulphates of copper and zinc", Acta Crystallographica, vol. 11, 361–364, 1958.

  • S.S. Nair, "Effectiveness of Copper-Boron Diffusion Treatments for Wood", 2006, MSc. Thesis, University of Idaho, Moscow, USA. [10] C. Zhu, W. Li, X. Nai1, D. Zhu, F. Guo, S. Song, "Preparation of copper aluminum borate whiskers via flux method", Crystal Research and Technology, vol. 47, 73-78, 2012. [11] D. O. Scanlon, A. Walsh, G. W. Watson, "Understanding the p-Type Conduction Properties of the Transparent Conducting Oxide CuBO2: A Density Functional Theory Analysis", Chemistry of Materials, vol. 21, 4568–4576, 2009. [12] P.S. Malavi, S. Karmakar, S.M. Sharma, "High pressure structural investigations of copper metaborate (CuB2O4)", SOLID STATE PHYSICS: Proceedings of the 57th DAE Solid State Physics Symposium, vol. 1512, 88-89, 2013. [13] Y. Zheng, Z. Wang, Y. Tian, Y. Qu, S. Li, D. An, X. Chen, S. Guan, "Synthesis and performance of 1D and 2D copper borate nano/microstructures with different morphologies", Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 349, 156– 161, 2009. [14] S. Santra, N.S. Das, K.K. Chattopadhyay, "Sol–gel synthesis and characterization of wide band gap p-type nanocrystalline CuBO2", Materials Letters, vol. 92, 198–201, 2013. [15] E. Moroydor Derun, A. S. Kipcak, "Characterization of some boron minerals against neutron shielding and 12 year performance of neutron permeability", Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, vol. 292, 871-878, 2012. [16] C.E. Weir, R.A. Schroer, "Infrared spectra of the crystalline inganic borates", Journal of Research of The National Bureau of Standards- A. Physics ond Chemistry, vol. 68A, 465–486, 1964. [17] J. Yongzhong, G. Shiyang, X. Shuping, L. Lun, "FT-IR spectroscopy of supersaturated aqueous solutions of magnesium borate", Spectrochimica Acta Part A, 56, 1291–1297, 2000.

14
9
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 1414
Downloads 99
Data volume 3.8 MB3.8 MB
Unique views 1414
Unique downloads 99

Share

Cite as