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Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design

Scholz, Dieter


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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;The report summarizes groundbreaking aircraft cabin developments at Pan American World&amp;nbsp;Airways (Pan Am). The founder and chief executive Juan Terry Trippe (1899-1981) established&amp;nbsp;Pan Am as the world&amp;#39;s first truly global airline. With Trippe&amp;#39;s determination, foresight,&amp;nbsp;and strategic brilliance the company accomplished many pioneering firsts &amp;ndash; many also in aircraft&amp;nbsp;cabin design. In 1933 Pan Am approached the industrial designer Norman Bel Geddes&amp;nbsp;(1893-1958). The idea was to create the interior design of the Martin M-130 flying boat by a&amp;nbsp;specialized design firm. Noise absorption was optimized. Fresh air was brought to an agreeable&amp;nbsp;temperature before it was pumped into the aircraft. Adjustable curtains at the windows&amp;nbsp;made it possible to regulate the amount of light in the compartments. A compact galley was&amp;nbsp;designed. The cabin layout optimized seating comfort and facilitated conversion to the night&amp;nbsp;setting. The pre-war interior design of the Boeing 314 flying boat featured modern contours&amp;nbsp;and colors. Meals were still prepared before flight and kept warm in the plane&amp;#39;s galley. The&amp;nbsp;innovative post-war land based Boeing 377 Stratocruiser had a pressurized cabin. The cabin&amp;nbsp;was not divided anymore into compartments. Seats were reclining. The galley was well&amp;nbsp;equipped. The jet age started at Pan Am with the DC-8 and the B707. The B707 featured individual&amp;nbsp;overhead &amp;quot;service clusters&amp;quot; with reading light, air outlet, and stewardess call button.&amp;nbsp;The aircraft had no night time settings anymore. Inflight entertainment (video and music) was&amp;nbsp;introduced. Early jets had hatracks. Overhead bins were introduced on the B747.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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