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Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design

Scholz, Dieter


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{
  "inLanguage": {
    "alternateName": "eng", 
    "@type": "Language", 
    "name": "English"
  }, 
  "description": "<p>The report summarizes groundbreaking aircraft cabin developments at Pan American World&nbsp;Airways (Pan Am). The founder and chief executive Juan Terry Trippe (1899-1981) established&nbsp;Pan Am as the world&#39;s first truly global airline. With Trippe&#39;s determination, foresight,&nbsp;and strategic brilliance the company accomplished many pioneering firsts &ndash; many also in aircraft&nbsp;cabin design. In 1933 Pan Am approached the industrial designer Norman Bel Geddes&nbsp;(1893-1958). The idea was to create the interior design of the Martin M-130 flying boat by a&nbsp;specialized design firm. Noise absorption was optimized. Fresh air was brought to an agreeable&nbsp;temperature before it was pumped into the aircraft. Adjustable curtains at the windows&nbsp;made it possible to regulate the amount of light in the compartments. A compact galley was&nbsp;designed. The cabin layout optimized seating comfort and facilitated conversion to the night&nbsp;setting. The pre-war interior design of the Boeing 314 flying boat featured modern contours&nbsp;and colors. Meals were still prepared before flight and kept warm in the plane&#39;s galley. The&nbsp;innovative post-war land based Boeing 377 Stratocruiser had a pressurized cabin. The cabin&nbsp;was not divided anymore into compartments. Seats were reclining. The galley was well&nbsp;equipped. The jet age started at Pan Am with the DC-8 and the B707. The B707 featured individual&nbsp;overhead &quot;service clusters&quot; with reading light, air outlet, and stewardess call button.&nbsp;The aircraft had no night time settings anymore. Inflight entertainment (video and music) was&nbsp;introduced. Early jets had hatracks. Overhead bins were introduced on the B747.</p>", 
  "license": "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/legalcode", 
  "creator": [
    {
      "affiliation": "Hamburg University of Applied Sciences", 
      "@id": "https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8188-7269", 
      "@type": "Person", 
      "name": "Scholz, Dieter"
    }
  ], 
  "headline": "Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design", 
  "image": "https://zenodo.org/static/img/logos/zenodo-gradient-round.svg", 
  "datePublished": "2017-05-18", 
  "url": "https://zenodo.org/record/1081955", 
  "keywords": [
    "aircraft", 
    "design", 
    "cabin", 
    "seat", 
    "compartment", 
    "light", 
    "entertainment", 
    "inflight", 
    "galley", 
    "lavatory", 
    "bed", 
    "aerolectures2017"
  ], 
  "@context": "https://schema.org/", 
  "identifier": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081955", 
  "@id": "https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1081955", 
  "@type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
  "name": "Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design"
}
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