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Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design

Scholz, Dieter


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    "description": "<p>The report summarizes groundbreaking aircraft cabin developments at Pan American World&nbsp;Airways (Pan Am). The founder and chief executive Juan Terry Trippe (1899-1981) established&nbsp;Pan Am as the world&#39;s first truly global airline. With Trippe&#39;s determination, foresight,&nbsp;and strategic brilliance the company accomplished many pioneering firsts &ndash; many also in aircraft&nbsp;cabin design. In 1933 Pan Am approached the industrial designer Norman Bel Geddes&nbsp;(1893-1958). The idea was to create the interior design of the Martin M-130 flying boat by a&nbsp;specialized design firm. Noise absorption was optimized. Fresh air was brought to an agreeable&nbsp;temperature before it was pumped into the aircraft. Adjustable curtains at the windows&nbsp;made it possible to regulate the amount of light in the compartments. A compact galley was&nbsp;designed. The cabin layout optimized seating comfort and facilitated conversion to the night&nbsp;setting. The pre-war interior design of the Boeing 314 flying boat featured modern contours&nbsp;and colors. Meals were still prepared before flight and kept warm in the plane&#39;s galley. The&nbsp;innovative post-war land based Boeing 377 Stratocruiser had a pressurized cabin. The cabin&nbsp;was not divided anymore into compartments. Seats were reclining. The galley was well&nbsp;equipped. The jet age started at Pan Am with the DC-8 and the B707. The B707 featured individual&nbsp;overhead &quot;service clusters&quot; with reading light, air outlet, and stewardess call button.&nbsp;The aircraft had no night time settings anymore. Inflight entertainment (video and music) was&nbsp;introduced. Early jets had hatracks. Overhead bins were introduced on the B747.</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design", 
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    "references": [
      "H\u00dcHNE, Mathias C. (2016). Pan Am: History, Design & Identity. Berlin : Callisto Publishers. \u2013 ISBN 978-3-9816550-6-3, URL: https://www.callisto-publishers.com/en/pan-am"
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    "keywords": [
      "aircraft", 
      "design", 
      "cabin", 
      "seat", 
      "compartment", 
      "light", 
      "entertainment", 
      "inflight", 
      "galley", 
      "lavatory", 
      "bed", 
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    "publication_date": "2017-05-18", 
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