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Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design

Scholz, Dieter


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{
  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1081955", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Pan Am's Historic Contributions to Aircraft Cabin Design", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
      [
        2017, 
        5, 
        18
      ]
    ]
  }, 
  "abstract": "<p>The report summarizes groundbreaking aircraft cabin developments at Pan American World&nbsp;Airways (Pan Am). The founder and chief executive Juan Terry Trippe (1899-1981) established&nbsp;Pan Am as the world&#39;s first truly global airline. With Trippe&#39;s determination, foresight,&nbsp;and strategic brilliance the company accomplished many pioneering firsts &ndash; many also in aircraft&nbsp;cabin design. In 1933 Pan Am approached the industrial designer Norman Bel Geddes&nbsp;(1893-1958). The idea was to create the interior design of the Martin M-130 flying boat by a&nbsp;specialized design firm. Noise absorption was optimized. Fresh air was brought to an agreeable&nbsp;temperature before it was pumped into the aircraft. Adjustable curtains at the windows&nbsp;made it possible to regulate the amount of light in the compartments. A compact galley was&nbsp;designed. The cabin layout optimized seating comfort and facilitated conversion to the night&nbsp;setting. The pre-war interior design of the Boeing 314 flying boat featured modern contours&nbsp;and colors. Meals were still prepared before flight and kept warm in the plane&#39;s galley. The&nbsp;innovative post-war land based Boeing 377 Stratocruiser had a pressurized cabin. The cabin&nbsp;was not divided anymore into compartments. Seats were reclining. The galley was well&nbsp;equipped. The jet age started at Pan Am with the DC-8 and the B707. The B707 featured individual&nbsp;overhead &quot;service clusters&quot; with reading light, air outlet, and stewardess call button.&nbsp;The aircraft had no night time settings anymore. Inflight entertainment (video and music) was&nbsp;introduced. Early jets had hatracks. Overhead bins were introduced on the B747.</p>", 
  "author": [
    {
      "family": "Scholz, Dieter"
    }
  ], 
  "note": "Hamburg Aerospace Lecture Series --- Collection of Presentations --- http://www.AeroLectures.de", 
  "type": "article", 
  "id": "1081955"
}
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