Journal article Open Access

The Effect of the Disc Coulters Forms on Cutting of Spring Barley Residues in No-Tillage

E. Šarauskis; L. Masilionytė; K. Romaneckas; Z. Kriaučiūnienė; A. Jasinskas

The introduction of sowing technologies into minimum- or no-tillage soil has a number of economical and environmental virtues, such as improving soil properties, decreasing soil erosion and degradation, and saving working time and fuel. However, the main disadvantage of these technologies is that plant residues on the soil surface reduce the quality of the planted crop seeds, thus requiring plant residues to be removed or cut. This paper presents a analysis of disc coulter parameters and an experimental investigation of cutting spring barley straw containing various amounts of moisture with different disc coulters (smooth and notched).

Files (645.3 kB)
Name Size
8546.pdf
md5:f8b264b4e55f75dd110c8bfc296ee99e
645.3 kB Download
  • Cakir E., Johnson C.E., Raper R.L., and Schafer R.L. 1994. The mechanics of cutting plant residue on a rigid surface. ASAE-Paper 94- 1003, St. Joseph, p.38-43.
  • Chen Y., Tessier S., and Irvine B. 2004. Drill and crop performances as affected by different drill configurations for no-till seeding. Soil & Tillage Research, 77(2), 147-155.
  • Endrerud H.C. 1999. Dynamic performance of drill coulters in a soil bin. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 74, 391-401
  • Fallahi S., and Raoufat M.H. 2008. Row-crop planter attachments in a conservation tillage system: A comparative study. Soil & Tillage Research, 98, 27-34.
  • Galedar M.N., Jafari A, Mohtasebi S.S., Tabatabaeefar A., Sharifi A., O`Dogherty M.J., Rafine S., and Richard G. 2008. Effects of moisture content and level of the crop on the engineering properties of alfalfa stems. Biosystems Engineering, 101, 199-208.
  • Karayel D. 2009. Performance of a modified precision vacuum seeder for no-till sowing of maize and soybean. Soil & Tillage Research, 104, 121-125.
  • Linke C. 1998. Direktsaat - eine Bestandsaufnahme unter besonderer Ber├╝cksichtigung technischer, agronomischer und ökonomischer Aspekte. Dissertation, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, 482 pp.
  • Linke C. 2006. Entwicklung der Direktsaat. Landtechnik, 61, 312-313 (in Germany).
  • Liu J., Chen Y., and Kushwaha R.L. 2010. Effect of tillage speed and straw length on soil and straw movement by a sweep. Soil & Tillage Research, 109, 9-17. [10] Magalhaes P.S.G., Bianchini A., and Braunbeck O.A. 2007. Simulated and experimental analyses of toothed rolling coulter for cutting crop residues. Biosystems Engineering, 96 (2), 193-200. [11] Mion R.L., Benez S.H., Viliotti C.A., Moreira J.B., and Salvador N. 2009. Tridimentional efforts analyses of furrow opening in no-tillage seeder. Ciencia Rural, 39 (5), 1414-1419. [12] Morrison J.E., Hendrick J.G., and Schafer R.L. 1996. Soil forces on coulter and disc-opener combinations. Transactions of the ASAE, 39 (2), 369-376. [13] Ozbek O., Seflek A.Y., and Carman K. 2009. Some mechanical properties of safflower stalk. Applied Engineering in Agriculture, 25 (4), 619-625. [14] Romaneckas K., Pilipavi─ìius V., and ┼áarauskis E. 2010. Impact of seedbed density on sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) seed germination, yield and quality of roots. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 8 (2), 599-601. [15] Rump B. 1997. Improvement of direct seeders by using residue removers. Agricultural Engineering 1997. VDI Bericht, 1356, 69-72 [16] Rump B. 2002. Untersuchungen zur Bestimmung der Arbeitsqualit├ñt von Scheibens├ñscharen f├╝r die Direktsaat. Dissertation, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, 108 pp. (in Germany). [17] ┼áarauskis E. 2008. The investigations of cutting straw with active disc sowing ploughshares. Zemes ukio inzinerija, mokslo darbai (Agricultural Engineering, research papers), 40(1), 17-29 (in Lithuanian). [18] ┼áarauskis E., and Romaneckas K. 2003. Research of technical means of sugar beet seed insertion into stable. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture, 81(1), 184-196 (in Lithuanian). [19] ┼áarauskis E., Godlinski F., Sakalauskas A., Schlegel M., Kanswohl N., Romaneckas K., Jasinskas A., and Pilipavi─ìius V. 2010. Effects of soil tillage and sowing systems on sugar beet production under the climatic conditions of Lithuania. Landbauforschung Volkenrode, 2 (60), 101- 110. [20] ┼áarauskis E., Köller K., and Butkus V. 2005. Research on technological parameters to determine the design factors of direct drilling coulters for sugar beets. Landbauforschung Volkenrode, 3, 71-180. [21] ┼áarauskis E., Vaiciukevicius E., Romaneckas K., Sakalauskas A., and Baranauskaite R. 2009. Economic and energetic evaluation of sustainable tillage and cereal sowing technologies in Lithuania. Rural Development 2009, Proceedings, 4 (1), 280-285. [22] Tebr├╝gge F., and Böhrnsen A. 2000. Direktsaat. Beurteilung durch Landwirte und Experten in der EU und Nebraska. Landtechnik, 1, 17- 19. [23] Tola E.H.M., M├╝ller J., and Köller K. 2001. Crop residue management by a no-till single disc opener under different soil and residue conditions. Farm Work Science Facing Challenges of the XXI Century, 29th Congress of CIOSTA-CIGR V, 165-171. [24] Vamerali T., Bertocco M., and Sartori L. 2006. Effects of new widesweep opener for no-till planter on seed zone properties and root establishment in maize (Zea mays, L.): A comparison with double-disk opener. Soil & Tillage Research, 89, 196-209. [25] Van Oost K., Cerdan O., and Quine T.A. 2009. Accelerated sediment fluxes by water and tillage erosion on European agricultural land. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 34, 1625-1634. [26] Kushwaha R.L., Vaishnav A.S., and Zoerb G.C. 1986. Soil bin evaluation of disc coulter under no-till crop residue conditions. Transactions of ASAE, 29, 40-44.
0
0
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 00
Downloads 00
Data volume 0 Bytes0 Bytes
Unique views 00
Unique downloads 00

Share

Cite as