Journal article Open Access

Farmers' reasoning behind the uptake of agroforestry practices: evidence from multiple case-studies across Europe

Rois Diaz, Mercedes; Lovric, Natasa; Lovric, Marko; Ferreiro Dominguez, Nuria; Mosquera Losada, R.M.; den Herder, Michael; Graves, Anil; Palma, Joao; Paulo, Joana; Pisanelli, Andrea; Smith, Jo; Moreno, Gerardo; Garcia, Silvestre; Varga, Anna; Pantera, Anastasia; Mirck, Jaconette; Burgess, Paul


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    <subfield code="a">Farmers' reasoning behind the uptake of agroforestry practices: evidence from multiple case-studies across Europe</subfield>
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    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;Potential benefits and costs of agroforestry&amp;nbsp;practices have been analysed by experts,&amp;nbsp;but few studies have captured farmers&amp;rsquo;&amp;nbsp; perspectives&amp;nbsp;on why agroforestry might be adopted on a European&amp;nbsp;scale. This study provides answers to this question,&amp;nbsp;through an analysis of 183 farmer interviews in 14&amp;nbsp;case study systems in eight European countries. The&amp;nbsp;study systems included high natural and cultural&amp;nbsp;value agroforestry systems, silvoarable systems, high&amp;nbsp;value tree systems, and silvopasture systems, as well&amp;nbsp;as systems where no agroforestry practices were&amp;nbsp;occurring. A mixed method approach combining&amp;nbsp;quantitative and qualitative approaches was taken&amp;nbsp;throughout the interviews. Narrative thematic data&amp;nbsp;analysis was performed. Data collection proceeded&amp;nbsp;until no new themes emerged. Within a given case&amp;nbsp;study, i.e. the different systems in different European&amp;nbsp;regions, this sampling was performed both for&lt;br&gt;
farmers who practice agroforestry and farmers who&amp;nbsp;did not. Results point to a great diversity of&amp;nbsp;agroforestry practices, although many of the farmers&amp;nbsp;are not aware of the term or concept of agroforestry,&amp;nbsp;despite implementing the practice in their own farms.&amp;nbsp;While only a few farmers mentioned eligibility for&amp;nbsp;direct payments in the CAP as the main reason to&amp;nbsp;remove trees from their land, to avoid the reduction&amp;nbsp;of the funded area, the tradition in the family or the&amp;nbsp;region, learning from others, and increasing the&amp;nbsp;diversification of products play the most important&amp;nbsp;role in adopting or not agroforestry systems.&amp;nbsp;&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
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