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Farmers' reasoning behind the uptake of agroforestry practices: evidence from multiple case-studies across Europe

Rois Diaz, Mercedes; Lovric, Natasa; Lovric, Marko; Ferreiro Dominguez, Nuria; Mosquera Losada, R.M.; den Herder, Michael; Graves, Anil; Palma, Joao; Paulo, Joana; Pisanelli, Andrea; Smith, Jo; Moreno, Gerardo; Garcia, Silvestre; Varga, Anna; Pantera, Anastasia; Mirck, Jaconette; Burgess, Paul


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    "doi": "10.1007/s10457-017-0139-9", 
    "description": "<p>Potential benefits and costs of agroforestry&nbsp;practices have been analysed by experts,&nbsp;but few studies have captured farmers&rsquo;&nbsp; perspectives&nbsp;on why agroforestry might be adopted on a European&nbsp;scale. This study provides answers to this question,&nbsp;through an analysis of 183 farmer interviews in 14&nbsp;case study systems in eight European countries. The&nbsp;study systems included high natural and cultural&nbsp;value agroforestry systems, silvoarable systems, high&nbsp;value tree systems, and silvopasture systems, as well&nbsp;as systems where no agroforestry practices were&nbsp;occurring. A mixed method approach combining&nbsp;quantitative and qualitative approaches was taken&nbsp;throughout the interviews. Narrative thematic data&nbsp;analysis was performed. Data collection proceeded&nbsp;until no new themes emerged. Within a given case&nbsp;study, i.e. the different systems in different European&nbsp;regions, this sampling was performed both for<br>\nfarmers who practice agroforestry and farmers who&nbsp;did not. Results point to a great diversity of&nbsp;agroforestry practices, although many of the farmers&nbsp;are not aware of the term or concept of agroforestry,&nbsp;despite implementing the practice in their own farms.&nbsp;While only a few farmers mentioned eligibility for&nbsp;direct payments in the CAP as the main reason to&nbsp;remove trees from their land, to avoid the reduction&nbsp;of the funded area, the tradition in the family or the&nbsp;region, learning from others, and increasing the&nbsp;diversification of products play the most important&nbsp;role in adopting or not agroforestry systems.&nbsp;</p>", 
    "language": "eng", 
    "title": "Farmers' reasoning behind the uptake of agroforestry practices: evidence from multiple case-studies across Europe", 
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        "title": "AGFORWARD", 
        "acronym": "AGFORWARD", 
        "program": "FP7", 
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    "publication_date": "2017-10-03", 
    "creators": [
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        "affiliation": "EFI, USC", 
        "name": "Rois Diaz, Mercedes"
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        "affiliation": "EFI", 
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        "affiliation": "EFI", 
        "name": "Lovric, Marko"
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      {
        "affiliation": "USC, ISA", 
        "name": "Ferreiro Dominguez, Nuria"
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      {
        "affiliation": "USC", 
        "name": "Mosquera Losada, R.M."
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        "affiliation": "EFI", 
        "name": "den Herder, Michael"
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        "affiliation": "Cranfield University", 
        "name": "Graves, Anil"
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        "name": "Palma, Joao"
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        "affiliation": "ISA", 
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        "affiliation": "Cranfield University", 
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        "name": "Pantera, Anastasia"
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        "affiliation": "Cranfield University", 
        "name": "Burgess, Paul"
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