Report Open Access

Report of an Investigation into Oil Development, Conflict and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan

Gagnon, Georgette; Ryle, John


MARC21 XML Export

<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
<record xmlns="http://www.loc.gov/MARC21/slim">
  <leader>00000nam##2200000uu#4500</leader>
  <datafield tag="041" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">eng</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="653" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Sudan</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="653" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Human Rights</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="653" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Oil</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="653" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Talisman Oil</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <controlfield tag="005">20200120143705.0</controlfield>
  <controlfield tag="001">1054107</controlfield>
  <datafield tag="700" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="u">Bard College</subfield>
    <subfield code="0">(orcid)0000-0001-8170-8649</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Ryle, John</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="856" ind1="4" ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="s">1327303</subfield>
    <subfield code="z">md5:9a8099e71e2bcfa5c8e284c07d40368e</subfield>
    <subfield code="u">https://zenodo.org/record/1054107/files/Report-of-an-Investigation-into-Oil-Development-Western-Upper-Nile-Sudan.pdf</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="542" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="l">open</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="260" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="c">2001-10-01</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="909" ind1="C" ind2="O">
    <subfield code="p">openaire</subfield>
    <subfield code="o">oai:zenodo.org:1054107</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="100" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Gagnon, Georgette</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="245" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">Report of an Investigation into Oil Development, Conflict and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="540" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="u">https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="650" ind1="1" ind2="7">
    <subfield code="a">cc-by</subfield>
    <subfield code="2">opendefinition.org</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="520" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">&lt;p&gt;This report documents and places into context an intensification of armed attacks on civilians in key areas of&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Sudan’s contested oil region in Western Upper Nile during 2000 and 2001. The attacks were carried out by&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Government of Sudan (GoS) forces and local pro-government militias and by rebel forces of, or aligned with,&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Army (SPLA) and the Sudan Peoples’ Democratic Front / Defence Force&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;(SPDF). A significant new development in the period 2000-2001 is a higher number of direct attacks on&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;civilians by the armed forces of the Government of Sudan.&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;The report concentrates on the the operational area of the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;(GNPOC), the oil consortium that comprises the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Petronas&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Carigali (the national petroleum company of Malaysia, or its subsidiary Petronas Carigali Overseas Sudan&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;Berhad), Sudapet (the Sudan state petroleum company) and Canada’s Talisman Energy (Talisman). As noted&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;in the preliminary report of this mission, the investigators found that there was an increase in the number of&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;recorded helicopter gunship attacks on settlements in or near this area. Some of these gunships have operated&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;from facilities built, maintained and used by the oil consortium. The attacks are part of what appears to be a&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;renewed Government of Sudan strategy to displace indigenous non-Arab inhabitants from specific rural areas&lt;/p&gt;

&lt;p&gt;of the oil region in order to clear and secure territory for oil development.&lt;/p&gt;</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="773" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="n">doi</subfield>
    <subfield code="i">isVersionOf</subfield>
    <subfield code="a">10.5281/zenodo.1054106</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="024" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">10.5281/zenodo.1054107</subfield>
    <subfield code="2">doi</subfield>
  </datafield>
  <datafield tag="980" ind1=" " ind2=" ">
    <subfield code="a">publication</subfield>
    <subfield code="b">report</subfield>
  </datafield>
</record>
12
14
views
downloads
All versions This version
Views 1212
Downloads 1414
Data volume 18.6 MB18.6 MB
Unique views 1212
Unique downloads 1212

Share

Cite as