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Report of an Investigation into Oil Development, Conflict and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan

Gagnon, Georgette; Ryle, John

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  "publisher": "Zenodo", 
  "DOI": "10.5281/zenodo.1054107", 
  "language": "eng", 
  "title": "Report of an Investigation into Oil Development, Conflict and Displacement in Western Upper Nile, Sudan", 
  "issued": {
    "date-parts": [
  "abstract": "<p>This report documents and places into context an intensification of armed attacks on civilians in key areas of</p>\n\n<p>Sudan\u2019s contested oil region in Western Upper Nile during 2000 and 2001. The attacks were carried out by</p>\n\n<p>Government of Sudan (GoS) forces and local pro-government militias and by rebel forces of, or aligned with,</p>\n\n<p>the Sudan Peoples\u2019 Liberation Army (SPLA) and the Sudan Peoples\u2019 Democratic Front / Defence Force</p>\n\n<p>(SPDF). A significant new development in the period 2000-2001 is a higher number of direct attacks on</p>\n\n<p>civilians by the armed forces of the Government of Sudan.</p>\n\n<p>The report concentrates on the the operational area of the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company</p>\n\n<p>(GNPOC), the oil consortium that comprises the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), Petronas</p>\n\n<p>Carigali (the national petroleum company of Malaysia, or its subsidiary Petronas Carigali Overseas Sudan</p>\n\n<p>Berhad), Sudapet (the Sudan state petroleum company) and Canada\u2019s Talisman Energy (Talisman). As noted</p>\n\n<p>in the preliminary report of this mission, the investigators found that there was an increase in the number of</p>\n\n<p>recorded helicopter gunship attacks on settlements in or near this area. Some of these gunships have operated</p>\n\n<p>from facilities built, maintained and used by the oil consortium. The attacks are part of what appears to be a</p>\n\n<p>renewed Government of Sudan strategy to displace indigenous non-Arab inhabitants from specific rural areas</p>\n\n<p>of the oil region in order to clear and secure territory for oil development.</p>", 
  "author": [
      "family": "Gagnon, Georgette"
      "family": "Ryle, John"
  "type": "article", 
  "id": "1054107"
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