Journal article Open Access

Intrauterine growth restriction: contemporary issues in diagnosis and management

Capros, Hristiana; Scoricova, Iana; Mihalcean, Luminita

Background: Intrauterine growth restriction represents a fetal life treating condition in obstetrics. Diagnosis and appropriate management duringpregnancy is essential because of the considerable morbidity and mortality to which restricted new-borns are exposed. Implementation of diagnosticcriteria could potentially determine an optimized outcome in these patients.

Material and methods: The article reflects a study of 728 cases of patients delivered to the Obstetrical department of Municipal Hospital No1, Chisinau,the Republic of Moldova during January-December 2016. A special protocol for clinical and paraclinical data collection was used. From these 728 cases,50 histories of low birth weight fetuses (<2500g) were analysed in detail.

Results: The average weight of LBW fetuses was 2057 gr. 27 fetuses (54%) were diagnosed as intrauterine growth restricted fetuses. The average weight offetuses with the diagnosis of IUGR was 1989 gr. 18.52% infants had a very low birth weight (1000-1499 g.), 84.48% infants had low birth weight (2500-1500 g).

Conclusions: The prevalent criteria for diagnosis of intrauterine growth restriction in our study were foetal abdominal circumference below 10th percentile(52.3 %). The ultrasound evaluation showed to have an average sensitivity in the predicting the foetal weight at birth (47.6%). In the majority of casesthe delivery was done by cesarian section (62.9%), with the most frequent indication for foetal extraction – vascular redistribution and beginning ofcerebral vasodilatation (37.5 %).

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