Journal article Open Access

Infravesical urinary tract obstruction and transurethral endoscopic approach of treatment

Ghicavii, Vitalii

Backqround: The results of scientifical progress in recent years have contributed to the development of transurethral endoscopic surgery, with theimplementation of new methods, less invasive, for the treatment of the lower urinary tract diseases of different genesis. Laser surgery, transurethralelectorezection, electrovaporization, bipolar surgery (plasmakinetic rezection and vaporization) and the combination of these methods have a numberof avantages over traditional open interventions and contribute to a significant change in the treatment approach of most urological diseases, includingthose causing infravesical obstruction (IVO).

Conclusions: The implementation of personalized medicine with correct selecting and pathogenetic motivation of the methods of treatement inmanagement of the IVO have been made in several directions: prophylactics, diagnosis and treatment. Medical and social importance, variety of clinicmanifestations and evolution, evident alternation of quality of life, high cost of diagnostic, conservative management and of surgical treatment determinethe statuts of infravesical obstruction as a current problem from scientific and practical point of view and motivates the need of a deep study of disordersmanifested through IVO, minimizing complications and the rate of their relapse.

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