Presentation Open Access

GUASOM analysis of the Alhambra survey

Daniel Garabato; Minia Manteiga; Carlos Dafonte; Marco A. Álvarez

GUASOM is a data mining tool designed for knowledge discovery in large astronomical spectrophotometric archives developed in the framework of Gaia DPAC (Data Processing and Analysis Consortium). Our tool is based on a type of unsupervised learning Artificial Neural Networks named Self-organizing maps (SOMs). SOMs permit the grouping and visualization of big amount of data for which there is no a priori knowledge and hence they are very useful for analyzing the huge amount of information present in modern spectrophotometric surveys. SOMs are used to organize the information in clusters of objects, as homogeneously as possible according to their spectral energy distributions, and to project them onto a 2D grid where the data structure can be visualized. Each cluster has a representative, called prototype which is a virtual pattern that better represents or resembles the set of input patterns belonging to such a cluster. Prototypes make easier the task of determining the physical nature and properties of the objects populating each cluster. Our algorithm has been tested on the ALHAMBRA survey spectrophotometric observations, here we present our results concerning the survey segmentation, visualization of the data structure, separation between types of objects (stars and galaxies), data homogeneity of neurons, cluster prototypes, redshift distribution and crossmatch with other databases (Simbad).

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